Maoist guerrillas have been at war with the Indian government for over 40 years… challenging the capitalism which they fear will take over their land and its mineral resources, and instead proposing a communist way of life.
It’s been a bloody conflict, with thousands of people killed and the Naxalites, as they’re also known, pushed into a nomadic existence deep in the jungle.
Dateline gets a rare glimpse into the lives of a group of people seen as terrorists on one side and human rights activists on the other.
WATCH - Vanessa Dougnac's insight into the divide between India’s rich and poor is narrated by Victoria Strobl.
FACTFILE - Read more about the Maoists and the history of their violent fight for land rights in India.
REPLAY - Watch a previous Dateline story from 2008 on the Maoist rebels in India.
On air: 19th June 2011