Over 6,000 people are said to have been killed since the Syrian Government started its crackdown on protests against President Assad’s regime.
The violence has brought worldwide condemnation and calls from the UN to end the ‘violations of human rights’.
Dateline goes undercover in Homs with a group of rebel fighters, led by a charismatic 25-year-old deserter from Assad’s army.
In a rarely-seen side of the conflict, Victoria Strobl narrates a story which captures life behind the frontline with the Free Syrian Army, as the rebels patrol the ruined streets, dodging snipers’ bullets, as they try to stop the advance of Assad’s forces.
WATCH - Apologies, but this video is no longer available for copyright reasons. However, you can still read the transcript here.
INTERACTIVE - Use our interactive map to find out more about the uprisings across the Middle East and North Africa.
REPLAY - See Dateline's past stories on the unrest, including our 2011 special from Damascus with reaction from a senior member of the Syrian Government.
WORLD NEWS AUSTRALIA - SBS News has the latest coverage of the situation in the region.
On air: 21st February 2012