After appearing in court accused of sending offensive mail to families of dead soldiers, a Sydney man bound himself in chains and waved an Australian flag.
Man Haron Monis, also known as Sheik Haron, is charged with sending letters to families of two soldiers who died in Afghanistan, and to the family of a trade official who died in this year's Jakarta bombing.
Earlier in Sydney's Downing Centre Local Court on Tuesday, his lawyer, Chris Murphy, said Monis had been "preaching peace" and was "without a single blur" on his character.
Mr Murphy said the letters did not contain threats, adding: "He is a peace activist, I used to be one during Vietnam."
Monis, 45, of Campsie, is charged with sending offensive material on November 27 and December 12, 2007, and on March 22, 2008, to the family of Private Luke Worsley who died in Afghanistan on November 23, 2007.
He also is accused of sending such material on May 4, 6 and 7, 2008, to the family of soldier Jason Marks, who died in Afghanistan that month.
His seventh charge relates to sending a letter on July 27 this year to the family of recently killed Australian trade official Craig Senger.
His case was adjourned to January 19, and his thrice-weekly bail reporting condition was varied to once a week after he surrendered his passport to authorities.
Outside court, Monis addressed journalists in Arabic for some minutes before switching to English when he strongly criticised Australia's military presence in Afghanistan.
He referred to a comment reportedly made by Prime Minister Kevin Rudd that he could not "stomach" the allegations against Monis.
"I ask Mr Kevin Rudd, did your stomach turn when you read the news about killing innocent Afghan civilians?" he said. "I have a question, did your stomach turn when you heard the news that the Australian army has killed innocent civilians."
He produced a small Australian flag and waved it, saying he loved Australia and whatever he did was for the safety of all nations, Australia included.
Monis later produced a second flag, as well as a length of chain which he bound around himself.