A report has been published indicating cancers and other diseases in the Iraqi city of Fallujah are significantly higher than those of the survivors of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs of 1945.
The survey found that in the five years following the 2004 attacks by USA-led forces there has been a four-fold increase in all cancer.
The types of cancer are similar to that in the Hiroshima and Nagasaki survivors who were exposed to nuclear fallout.
Researchers found a 12 fold increase in child hood cancers since 2004.
"Far fewer boys were born than girls and this is a well known expression of genetic which was found after Hiroshima." Said report writer Dr Chris Busby.
Fallujah is less than 65km from Baghdad.