The women are part of a group of 170 people from 46 countries who will receive the Australian Leadership Awards.
Awardees can undertake post-graduate studies at a number of Australian universities.
The group of African women are studying diverse disciplines such as bushfire management, midwifery, diplomacy and accounting.
Two African women shared in the Nobel Peace Prize last year for their leadership in resolving conflict, and women in the continent have been singled out as important mediators.
It's hoped this group of women will take their new skills with them back to their home countries as future leaders of the continent.
The African award recipients are from Botswana, Kenya, Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Zambia.
A group of ten African women has met with Governor-General Quentin Bryce in a rare opportunity to build up their leadership skills.