• 2015 file image firemen spraying water to contain burning wildfire in Ogan Ilir, South Sumatra, Indonesia. (AAP)
An Indonesian province has declared an emergency as military and police personnel fight forest fires in a bid to prevent a recurrence of last year's smog.
8 Mar 2016 - 5:58 PM  UPDATED 8 Mar 2016 - 8:04 PM

Indonesia's western province of Riau has declared a state of emergency over forest and land fires blazing on the island of Sumatra, a government official says.

The fires, which send choking smog over Southeast Asia every year, raged uncontrollably across several provinces last year, costing an estimated $US16 billion, and pushed average daily greenhouse gas emissions above those of the US.

"The governor has declared an emergency now, to be able to prevent a repeat of the haze that occurred in 2015," said provincial government spokesman Darusman, adding that life in the province continued to be normal.

About 500 military and police personnel and a water-bombing helicopter have been deployed to help fight the fires but the haze had not yet reached urban areas, he said on Tuesday.

The fires are often set by plantation companies and smallholders to clear land, and were particularly bad in 2015 because of a prolonged dry season caused by the El Nino weather pattern.

Indonesian President Joko Widodo has urged authorities to contain so-called hotspots, where fires start and spread to their surroundings.

This year, Widodo set up an agency to restore around two million hectares of carbon-rich peatlands which typically produce more smog than forest fires.

But past efforts by Indonesia and neighbouring countries to prevent the fires, or put them out once started, have shown little success. Last year's fires ended only when the rainy season arrived to douse them.