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【生活杂志】如何在家种植香草?

Source: Pixabay

在家里种植香草并不难,其实它们以前也是野草,只是后来被人类驯化了。来听听园艺工作者俞梅为我们介绍种植香草的要点。

俞梅女士认为,众多香草中最容易种的就是罗勒,而且它种一次就可以“享用终生”。罗勒有“自播”的能力,每次种子成熟落下后又能继续生长。但是种植者要注意去除弱苗和老苗,因为它们在土地上会互相争夺养分。在家里可以选择的种植品种有罗勒、迷迭香、百里香、柠檬草……这几种比较常用,很好种,可以种在一起,也不容易长虫子。要注意它们喜欢碱性的土壤,所以不要用淘米水浇。如果家里土壤比较板结,可以掺一点沙子或者草木灰。另外要注意通风,保持阳光充足。有条件的话,花盆最好放在户外,注意稍微遮荫。

Rosemary Flowering
Rosemary Flowering
Creative Commons, Flickr

温度方面,种植者要特别记住10摄氏度这个安全线。在夜晚能维持在十度以上的地区,种植者可以把香草全年放在户外;如果低于十度的话,种植者需要把它们移入室内。

其他适合在家种植的香草还有马郁兰。它的香气特别阴柔温婉,也可以用来泡香草茶,据说可以缓解女性头痛。还有一种特别适合在家种植的香草叫做香叶天竺葵。它的一个品种玫瑰天竺葵在商业上经常被用来提炼制作精油,个人可以种在家里感受它的香气。澳洲公园里常见的薰衣草不是很适合种在家里。首先,薰衣草比较难种,它比一般的香草更不喜欢湿热的环境。其次,薰衣草不适合没有院子的家庭。因为它要种很多才会有香气。

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