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PBS新药将帮助降低一半黑色素瘤死亡率

Acral lentiginous melanoma of the sole, level 1. Source: Getty Images

药品福利计划(Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme) PBS 新增一种新药物,可将澳大利亚的黑色素瘤三期癌症患者的死亡率降低一半。

澳大利亚是全球黑色素瘤情况最严重的国家,患者人数是世界平均水平的11倍。预计,今年全国将有超过1万5,000例黑色素瘤患者被确诊,其中1700多人将失去生命,也就是每5小时就有1名黑色素瘤患者失去生命。

澳大利亚黑色素瘤研究所(The Melanoma Institute of Australia)的Georgina Long教授说:“这是PBS上列出的治疗黑色素瘤的第一种药物,这些药物能靶向癌细胞 B-RAF突变,杀死黑色素瘤癌细胞。”

 Alfred Health肿瘤学家Andrew Haydon博士表示:“这个靶向药物能够将黑色素瘤的复发减少一半,大大提高患者的存活率。”

临床试验表明,有20%的患者使用会出现呕吐和疲倦等药物副作用,但黑素瘤复发的风险降低了50%。

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