The 30-year-old Dutchman, who is without a road team this season, is planning to tackle the UCI Hour Record at the Bicentenary Velodrome of Aguascalientes, located at 1800m above sea level.
He will be the fifth rider to test himself against the Hour, with Austria's Matthias BraÃËndle holding the current record of 51.852km.
Australia's Jack Bobridge fell short in his attempt to break the record last weekend in Melbourne, with his compatriot Rohan Dennis (BMC) going up against Brandle's record on Sunday in Switzerland. Watch Dennis's record attempt live on SBS.
Britain's Alex Howes was forced to postpone his February attempt due to a broken collarbone.
Dekker will be the first rider to attempt the feat at altitude after Jens Voigt and Brandle both made their successful rides in Switzerland.
"It feels like an honour to take part in a historical event like the UCI Hour Record," said Dekker.
"I also know it's a brutal event and that you need to face it with respect. Great riders tried to break it in the past and some succeed and some not.
"Matthias BraÃËndle set a fantastic record and he is the man to beat on this moment. But my team-mate from last year Rohan Dennis is in his best form ever and a great rider. I'm curious to see what he can achieve on Sunday."
UCI President Brian Cookson is thrilled that the event is being showcased outside of Europe.
"The start of the year is busy with several UCI Hour Record attempts, showing that this legendary event has regained its appeal since we've changed the rules last year," said Cookson.
"I am pleased to see that riders are taking on the mark beyond Europe, in territories such as Oceania and the Americas where our sport enjoys a growing popularity. Jack Bobridge's attempt demonstrated that the UCI Hour Record is not an easy one to achieve. Let's see what the riders are capable of."
Rohan Dennis's Hour Record attempt
2350-0115 AEDT SBS2 Sunday 8 February (Live to all except WA)
Streaming online at Cycling Central