Akin to an "Olympics" of cycling which comes every four years, the event will take in Road, Mountain, Track, Cyclocross and other disciplines.
"This innovative new multi-disciplinary cycling event will bring together 13 existing UCI cycling World Championships into one mega event to be held every four years, commencing in Glasgow and Scotland in 2023," organisers said in a statement on Friday.
"Thousands of cyclists, representing all regions of the world, will vie for the iconic rainbow jersey at this landmark event to be held in Scotland, the perfect stage for events."
The 2023 gathering is the result of a partnership between the Scottish Government, EventScotland, British Cycling, UK Sport, Glasgow City Council and event owners, the UCI.
The UCI Road World Championships for each discipline take place in different locations each year.
Lappartient, who was elected in 2017, said last year he wanted "the world championships of every discipline to come together in the same location every four years".
"To see Glasgow build on the legacy of the Commonwealth Games in 2014, and more recently the European Championships, to become the first city to host a combined cycling world championships is a real coup for the city and Scotland," said Six-time Olympic gold medallist Chris Hoy.
"I'm looking forward to witnessing first-hand what I know will be another fantastic event not only on the velodrome track in 2023, but across all disciplines of our great sport."