Scottish lochs and rivers are teeming with different varieties of fish, while shellfish, such as lobster, oysters and prawns are gathered from Scotland’s rugged coastline.
In summer, as the bell heather begins to blossom purple, the glens play host to the honeybees where Scottish heather honey has been collected since the Stone Age. It is famous for its unusual tangy, smoky flavour and its dark amber colouring. Soft berries including raspberries, strawberries and blackberries are also prominent at this time of year.
Traditional Scottish food is entrenched in the history of the country. The mobile nature of ancient Scottish society required food that would not spoil quickly. It was common to carry a small bag of oatmeal that could be transformed into a basic porridge or oatcakes using a girdle (griddle).
Scotland’s national dish, haggis, is thought to have originated in a similar way, where cheap cuts of mutton or offal were carried in a sack made from a sheep or pig’s stomach; a cheap and convenient container. Over the centuries haggis has become a national culinary icon. This peppery, rich-flavoured dish forms the centerpiece of the Burns Supper, held in Scottish households across the globe every year to celebrate famous Scottish poet Robert Burns. Traditionally, the cutting of the haggis is accompanied by a recital of one of Burns’s “Address to the Haggis”. The meal is often accompanied by champit tatties (mashed potato) and bashed neeps (turnip).
Other dishes that may be served at a Burns’ Supper include cock-a-leekie soup (made with leeks, potato and chicken stock), Scotch broth (otherwise known as hotch potch) and is finished with traditional Scottish cheeses such as the Galloway cheddar.
More recently Scotland has been chastised for the invention of the deep-fried mars bar. In fact almost anything can and will be deep-fried in Scotland, from haggis, to pizza and even kebabs. Perhaps unsurprisingly, Scotland has one of the highest death rates in the world from coronary heart disease. This poor reputation is somewhat tempered by the recent rise in fine food restaurants in Scotland. There are now nine Scottish restaurants that have been awarded one or two Michelin stars, awarded by the oldest and best-respected guide to restaurants in Europe.