Heston Blumenthal shares a few simple tips to help replicate his lemon tart recipe. "For this tart to achieve greatness, the filling has to be exactly the right texture – not too soft but not too firm either. The most reliable way to get it right is to use a digital probe which takes out all the guesswork. When blind baking, the pastry should be treated like a biscuit; if you think it is done, cook it for a little bit longer. Also, use the best lemons you can so that they contribute great acidity."






Skill level

Average: 3.3 (1304 votes)



  • 300 g (2 cups) plain flour
  • 150 g unsalted butter
  • ½ tsp salt
  • 120 g icing sugar
  • 3 large egg yolks
  • ½ vanilla bean, seeds scraped
  • ½ lemon, zest finely grated
  • 1 egg, for the egg wash


  • 5 lemons, zest finely grated and juiced
  • 300 ml double cream
  • 390 g white caster sugar
  • 9 large eggs
  • 1 large egg yolk

Cook's notes

Oven temperatures are for conventional; if using fan-forced (convection), reduce the temperature by 20˚C. | We use Australian tablespoons and cups: 1 teaspoon equals 5 ml; 1 tablespoon equals 20 ml; 1 cup equals 250 ml. | All herbs are fresh (unless specified) and cups are lightly packed. | All vegetables are medium size and peeled, unless specified. | All eggs are 55-60 g, unless specified.


Chilling time 1 hour

Freezing time 30 minutes

You will also need to allow time for the pastry case and the finished tart to cool completely.

To make the pastry, using an electric mixer fitted with a paddle attachment, mix the flour, butter and salt on low speed for about 2-3 minutes or until it becomes a sand-like texture.

In the meantime, in a tall container blitz together the icing sugar and egg yolks with a hand blender.

Add the vanilla seeds and lemon zest to the egg yolk mixture, and then add to the bowl of the mixer and continue to mix on low speed for about 3-5 minutes or until fully combined and a very soft dough has formed.

Mould the dough into a flat rectangle and wrap it in plastic wrap before placing in the fridge for at least 1 hour.

Roll the dough between two sheets of baking paper to a thickness of 2 mm, then place in the freezer for 30 minutes.

Preheat the oven to 190ºC/gas mark 5. Line a 26 cm tart tin (2.5 cm deep) with the pastry, making sure to press it into the edges and leaving the pastry hanging over the edge. Reserve a little dough for the egg wash.

Take a sheet of baking paper and scrunch it up several times to eliminate any sharp edges. Prick the dough with a fork all over the surface. Place the baking paper on top and add enough coins (or baking beans) to fill the casing one-quarter of the way up. Place in the preheated oven to bake for approximately 20 minutes or until fully cooked.

In the meantime, mix some of the leftover dough with the egg using a hand blender.

After 20 minutes, remove the baking paper and coins and, using a pastry brush, brush the entire surface of the pastry case with the dough and egg mixture. This “liquid pastry” will ensure that any holes will be sealed. Return the pastry case to the oven for an additional 10 minutes.

Remove the pastry case from the oven and allow to cool completely.

When ready to bake, preheat the oven to 120ºC/gas mark ½. Place the baked pastry case in the oven to warm up.

Place all the filling ingredients into a heatproof bowl and mix together using a spatula. Set the bowl over a saucepan of simmering water and allow to warm up until the temperature reaches 60ºC. At this point, strain the mixture through a fine sieve into a jug. With a spoon, remove the bubbles from the surface of the liquid.

Slide the oven rack out a bit, then pour the mixture into the warm pastry case inside the oven. Fill the case to the top, slide the rack carefully back in, and bake the tart for approximately 25 minutes or until the temperature of the filling reaches 70ºC. Allow to cool completely at room temperature.

Just before serving, trim the overhanging pastry by running a sharp knife round the top of the tart tin and discard.


Want more recipes like this? We recommend: 

• Sweet tarts with chocolate, custard and fruity fillings.
• Flaky, filo, shortcrust or choux: 120+ pastry recipes.
• 1,200+ desserts: sweet tooths, take note.
• Edible magic: recipes from Heston Blumenthal.