Populate or perish

Populate or perish

Public housing construction, Maroubra.
Image courtesy of Government Printing Office Collection,
State Library of NSW
13 July, 1945

In 1945, as Australia embarks on an ambitious post-war reconstruction program, the federal government establishes the Department of Immigration and introduces a migration scheme aimed at increasing Australia’s population by 1 per cent per annum. In 1947, permanent residency is granted to non-European immigrants seeking entry for business reasons and to those who have lived in Australia continuously for 15 years.

> Next: Non-European immigration begins

- From the Museum of Australian Democracy's comprehensive interactive timeline, Milestones in Australian democracy.

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Explore the stories and lives of dozens of remarkable immigrants -- and their descendants -- in this immersive interactive documentary about the building of multicultural Australia.