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Gulab jamun and bhindi among many Indian words added to Oxford Dictionary

Source: NDTV

Indian’s love for food seems to have gone global as many most commonly used Indian words get a place in Oxford English dictionary.

Many new Indian words have been added to the Oxford English dictionary in the latest update, many of them related to food. The names of food items added are bhindi, gosht, gulab jamun, keema, mirch, mirch masala, namkeen and vada.


This is not the first time that Indian words have found a place in the dictionary. In their September addition, words like sevak, surya namashkar and udyog were added.

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 The word Anna already existed in the dictionary as a noun, meaning a former monetary unit of India and Pakistan, equal to one sixteenth of a rupee. Anna2 (also annan), noun, has been added, meaning ‘elder brother’. ‘Abba’, the Urdu word for father, has also been added.


There are over 900 words from India that have been included in the dictionary over time. Words like aiyo, badmash and bhelpuri have been in the dictionary for quite some time.

Fine the definitions of newly added words below:

Anna: Elder brother

Bada din (also Burra Din): Christmas.

Bapu: A father (often as a form of address).

Bas: Stop.

Bhavan: A building used for a special purpose, such as meetings or concerts.

Bhindi: Okra.

Chacha: Uncle

Chakka jam: Deliberately creating a traffic jam as a form of protest

Chamcha: An obsequious person.

Chaudhuri: The headman of a region; a local chief.

Chhi-chhi: Used to express disgust.

Chup: Be quiet.

Dadagiri: Intimidating, coercive, or bullying behaviour.

Desh: A person’s or a people’s native land.

Devi: The supreme goddess, often identified with Parvati and Sakti.

Didi: An older sister or older female cousin

Diya: A small cup-shaped oil lamp made of baked clay.

Dum: Cooked with steam.

Funda: A basic or fundamental principle underlying something.

Gosht: Red meat.

Gulab jamun: An Indian sweet consisting of a ball of deep-fried paneer boiled in sugar syrup.

Gully: An Indian alley

Haat: A market, especially one held on a regular basis in a rural area.

Jai: Victory.

Jhuggi: A slum dwelling typically made of mud and corrugated iron.

Ji: Used with names and titles to show respect

Jugaad: A flexible approach to problem-solving that uses limited resources in an innovative way.Keema: Minced meat.

Kund: A tank or small reservoir in which rainwater is collected for drinking.

Maha: Very large or great.

Mirch: Chilli peppers or chilli powder.

Mirch masala: Elements providing interest or excitement.

Nagar: A town, city, or suburb.

Nai: A barber.

Namkeen: A small savoury snack or dish.

Natak: Drama or dramatic art.

Nivas: A place of residence; a house, block of flats, etc.

Qila: A fort or fortress.

Sevak: A male servant or attendant, especially a male attendant in a temple responsible for performing or assisting with the daily rituals of worship.

Sevika: A woman employed to advise and assist in matters of community welfare and development.

Tappa: A short folk song of northern Indian origin.

Timepass: The action or fact of passing the time, typically in an aimless or unproductive way.

Udyog: A company, especially one involved in manufacturing.

Vada: An Indian dish consisting of a ball made from ground pulses and deep-fried.


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