Punjabi is the most spoken language amongst Australians born in India

Australian children writing the Punjabi alphabet at an event in Melbourne Source: SBS Punjabi

Punjabi is now the most-spoken language among India-born people living in Australia.

According to Census 2016 data released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, a total of 455, 385 people born in India currently reside in Australia. This corresponds to an increase of 54 per cent of India-born people in Australia, over the past five years.

 2.1 per cent of Australia’s population was born in India, with India being the fifth most popular country of birth among all Australians.

Punjabi is the most common language spoken by people born in India, with over 22 per cent of all Indian-born Australians stating in Census 2016 that they speak Punjabi at home. Hindi, Malayalam and Gujarati are second, third and fourth in this list of Indian-born speakers in Australia, according to the ABS.

 A total of 102,661 India born people identified  Punjabi as their mother tongue, making Punjabi the most common language spoken by Australians born in India. With a total of 132,000 Punjabi speakers in Australia, almost four in five (over 78 per cent) were born in India.  

The second most common language spoken by Australians born in India is Hindi, with 98,623 declaring in Census 2016 that they were born in India and speak Hindi at home. This corresponds to 62.4 per cent Hindi speakers being born in India, and more than one in five ( 21.4 percent) born in Fiji.

Just over 40,000 or 76.6 percent of Malayalam speakers in Australia were born in India, whilst 38,256 migrants said they spoke Gujarati at home, making it the fourth-most spoken language among Indian Australians.

The above data was collated by using the SBS Census Explorer. To discover more interesting facts like this, you can compare upto four languages at a time using the SBS Census Explorer too. To find out more, go to www.sbs.com.au/punjabi and click on "Explore Census Data: Punjabi speakers"

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