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જાણો, કેવી અનોખી પદ્ધતિ દ્વારા ગુજરાતમાં સિંહની વસ્તી ગણતરી કરાઇ

Asiatic Lions lounge in the shade of a tree near the village of Sasan on the edge of Gir National Park in Gujarat in India. Source: RAVEENDRAN/AFP via Getty Images

ગુજરાતની પ્રતિષ્ઠા સમાન સાસણના સિંહની દર પાંચ વર્ષે વસ્તી ગણતરી કરવામાં આવે છે. વર્ષ 2020માં કોરોનાવાઇરસના પ્રતિબંધોના કારણે આ વખતે વસ્તી ગણતરી માટે કેવા પ્રકારની અલગ રીત અપનાવવામાં આવી તે વિશે ચીફ કન્ઝર્વેટર ઓફ ફોરેસ્ટ વાઇલ્ડલાઇફ જુનાગઢ દુષ્યંતભાઇ વસાવડાએ SBS Gujarati સાથે વાત કરી હતી.

Every five years authorities count the number of Asiatic lions in the Gir national park.  In the last census in 2015 there were 523 Asiatic lions.

Originally spanning an area from eastern Turkey to central India, their natural habitat has come under increasing threat from poaching to shrinking geographical borders; only several hundred are now believed to be in the wild, confined to the national park in the Indian state of Gujarat.

This year, the 2020 census was unique because the traditional method of counting the lion population using thousands of people was hampered by COVID-19 restrictions in India.

Asiatic lion
Asiatic lions in the Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary on May 4, 2012.
AAP

Instead, the Forest Department of the Gujarat state adopted a new approach involving the full moon in order to count the population of the lions in the forest.


Highlights

  • The Asiatic lion population was counted by an observational method called ‘Poonam Avlokan’ using the full moon.
  • The population has increased from 523 in 2015 to 674 in 2020.

“The exercise called ‘Poonam Avlokan’ is also known as ‘Observation on a full moon night’, as we get more light from the moon," says Dushyant Vasavda, Chief Conservator of Gir Forest of Junagadh division.

"It's done every month, on the day of the full moon, to record the movement of the lions in the forest and monitor their health," he told SBS Gujarati.  

Asiatic lions in India
Female Asiatic lion or Indian lion, Gir Forest Wildlife Sanctuary, India
DeAgostini/Getty Images

The normal way of estimating the population, involving the active participation of between 5,000 to 6,000 wildlife enthusiasts, NGOs, forest personnel and volunteers, couldn't be allowed due to the social distancing rules.

“The ‘Poonam Avlokan’ exercise started in 2014, and the forest staff in the Asiatic lion landscape regularly patrolled the respective administrative units on the full moon night. This exercise helps us understand the movement, the population structure and the distribution of the Asiatic lions in the Gir Forest National Park”, Mr Vasavda said.

Asiatic lions in India
An official from the forest department of Gujarat, is seen counting lion.
Forest Department of Gujarat

"This year, a similar exercise was conducted on the night of the full moon in the month of June. Around 1,500 officers and field staff assessed the number of lions for a period 24 hours from 2 pm on the day of the full moon on the 5th of June 2020 until 2 pm of the next day, the 6th of June 2020.

“Officials involved in the counting process were given tablets to record the data, identification marks, locations and images of lions. Then, the collected data were extracted and analysed using statistical software.”

Asiatic lions in India
An official from the forest department of Gujarat, is seen counting lion.
Forest Department of Gujarat

The census recorded 674 lions in 2020 - a 29 per cent increase in the population, which was 523 in the year 2015.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, shared the news on social media, commending community participation and good habitat management as well as steps to minimise human-lion conflict. 

Lion’s clash with human population

Shrinking habitat and encroachment by humans has also led to increased confrontations between the human population sharing the forest area with the lions.

“The lion’s conflict with people happens as they sometimes enter in the human residential areas, but we have our team keeping an eye on the people living in that forest area," Dushyant Vasavda says.

Asiatic lions in India
Officials from the forest department of Gujarat seen recording the movement of lions in the Sasan Gir forest in Gujarat, in India.
Forest Department of Gujarat

Apart from that, we regularly conduct meetings with the people in the forest and advise them about the importance of lions for the region.

“We also educate and encourage them to join various programs run by NGOs and government,” Mr Vasavda concluded.

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