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Episodio #32: Cosa puoi fare per rallentare i cambiamenti climatici?

Source: AP

Molti si chiedono in Australia cosa possono fare i consumatori per diminuire l’impatto dei cambiamenti climatici sul pianeta.

Slow Italian, Fast Learning, il meglio dei nostri servizi della settimana, letti più lentamente e più scanditi, con i testi in italiano e in inglese.

Italian

Lo studio del Gruppo intergovernativo sui cambiamenti climatici pubblicato questa settimana cita più di 6000 studi scientifici.

Lo studio sostiene che le popolazioni ne gioveranno se il riscaldamento globale venisse limitato a un grado e mezzo rispetto a due gradi.

E, da un punto di vista australiano, il comitato ritiene che ci sia la possibilità di salvare fino al 30% della Barriera Corallina se l'utilizzo del carbone venisse soppiantato a livello globale entro il 2040.

Ma raggiungere questi obiettivi nell'arco di tempo richiesto impone cambiamenti radicali allo stile di vita della gente.

Monica Richter, del WWF, sostiene che ci siano molti modi con i quali il cittadino medio può contribuire a fare la differenza.

"The IPCC report is pretty clear. We need to make rapid and far-reaching transitions across a range of different areas. So, consumers have a big role to play. First of all, we can all be energy smarter in our homes. So, if you don't have solar panels on your rooftop, you can join the two million households that already do. That's one way of doing it. You can purchase renewable energy for your electricity. You can shift to more fuel-efficient cars. And if you go out - we're just about to come into summmertime - when you're going out to work, close up your house so it's not so hot when you come in afterwards."

Secondo Richter, le abitudini dei consumatori influenzano le imprese, che a loro volta possono avere una grande influenza.

"Consumers can do their fair share. Consumers can do it through the dollars they spend in shopping centres, and what they put their money into. And that's where businesses come in. Businesses are, and can, lead the way to be more energy smart, to be setting long-term, ambitious climate targets. And in the absence of good political leadership on this issue, we need to really work with businesses."

Inoltre c'è anche il valore del singolo voto. Il tema della leadership politica e degli impegni sta generando un simile dibattito sul cambiamento climatico stesso.

La minaccia alla Barriera Corallina non modificherà il sostegno del Queensland all'industria del carbone, secondo la premier dello stato Annastascia Palaszczuk, mentre il primo ministro Scott Morrison ha dichiarato che l'Australia raggiungerà la sua quota di riduzioni delle emissioni del 26%.

Il governo federale però non rinnoverà - o cambierà - il Renewable Energy Target quando terminerà, nel 2020.

Morrison sostiene inoltre che l'Australia produce solamente circa l'1% delle emissioni globali di carbone, rendendo le azioni delle altre nazioni più importanti di quelle australiane.

Glen Klativsky, del sito dedicato alle energie rinnovabili 350.org, ha dichiarato che il governo federale non è all'altezza del problema.

"It's embarrassing. It's almost like our current government lives in a parallel universe. I would hope, and 350 would hope, that it didn't matter what persuasion of politics - we all need to get together to fix this. But there was literally a federal politician from the government last week saying that climate change doesn't exist, it's not a problem. We have a real problem with our current federal government. We hope that they will shift quickly, before the next election, so that we can get some sort of clear direction from Canberra. But it's 2018, and we do not have a federal policy on climate change. And that is just unthinkable."

Le Nazioni Unite sottolineano che i rischi dei cambiamenti climatici sono molto più alti per alcune nazioni rispetto ad altre.

Peteri Taalas, dell'Organizzazione meteorologica mondiale delle Nazioni Unite, ricorda che limitare i danni sarà un problema molto serio per centinaia di milioni di persone nel prossimo futuro.

"There will be 420 million people less suffering because of climate change if we would be able to limit the warming to the 1.5 degree level. And we have certain areas in the world which are extremely sensitive - the small island states, the Mediterranean region, and also sub-Saharan Africa - which are already suffering, and will suffer the most in the future."

La prospettiva di sofferenze acute in diversi paesi rende la risposta di tutte le nazioni al problema soggetto di analisi minuziose per il prossimo futuro.


 

 

English

The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report released this week cites more than 6,000 scientific studies.

It says there will be benefits to people and ecosystems if global warming is limited to 1.5 degrees instead of two degrees.

And, from an Australian point of view, the panel says there is a chance to save up to 30 per cent of the Great Barrier Reef if the use of coal is phased out globally by 2040.

But drastic changes to people's lifestyles will be needed to achieve such targets within the required timeframe.

Monica Richter, from the World Wide Fund for Nature, says there are many ways the average citizen can help make a difference.

"The IPCC report is pretty clear. We need to make rapid and far-reaching transitions across a range of different areas. So, consumers have a big role to play. First of all, we can all be energy smarter in our homes. So, if you don't have solar panels on your rooftop, you can join the two million households that already do. That's one way of doing it. You can purchase renewable energy for your electricity. You can shift to more fuel-efficient cars. And if you go out - we're just about to come into summmertime - when you're going out to work, close up your house so it's not so hot when you come in afterwards."

Ms Richter says consumer behaviour in turn influences businesses, who themselves can have a large influence.

"Consumers can do their fair share. Consumers can do it through the dollars they spend in shopping centres, and what they put their money into. And that's where businesses come in. Businesses are, and can, lead the way to be more energy smart, to be setting long-term, ambitious climate targets. And in the absence of good political leadership on this issue, we need to really work with businesses."

And there's the value of an individual's vote.

The issue of political leadership and political policy on this issue is attracting as much, if not more, debate than the issue of climate change itself.

The threat to the Great Barrier Reef won't change Queensland's support for coal mining, according to the state's premier, Annastascia Palaszczuk, whilst Prime Minister Scott Morrison says Australia will meet its 26 per cent emissions reduction target.

The federal government will not, however, renew or replace the Renewable Energy Target when it lapses in 2020.

And Mr Morrison says Australia only produces around one per cent of global carbon emissions, making other countries' actions more important than Australia's.

Glen Klativsky' from the pro-renewable energy website 350.org (three fifty dot org), says the federal government is failing on this issue.

"It's embarrassing. It's almost like our current government lives in a parallel universe. I would hope, and 350 would hope, that it didn't matter what persuasion of politics - we all need to get together to fix this. But there was literally a federal politician from the government last week saying that climate change doesn't exist, it's not a problem. We have a real problem with our current federal government. We hope that they will shift quickly, before the next election, so that we can get some sort of clear direction from Canberra. But it's 2018, and we do not have a federal policy on climate change. And that is just unthinkable."

The United Nations points out the climate change stakes are very much higher for some nations than others.

Peteri Taalas, of the U-N's World Meteorological Organisation, says trying to limit the damage is a very serious matter for hundreds of millions of people in the near future.

"There will be 420 million people less suffering because of climate change if we would be able to limit the warming to the 1.5 degree level. And we have certain areas in the world which are extremely sensitive - the small island states, the Mediterranean region, and also sub-Saharan Africa - which are already suffering, and will suffer the most in the future."

The prospect of intense suffering in some nations makes the response of all nations to this issue the subject of intense scrutiny for some time to come.

Report by Sunil Awasthi and Biwa Kwan

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