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Episodio #60: Sempre più australiani bevono per ubriacarsi

Source: AAP

Una nuova ricerca indica che un numero crescente di australiani beve alcolici per ubriacarsi

Slow Italian, Fast Learning, il meglio dei nostri servizi della settimana, letti più lentamente e più scanditi, con i testi in italiano e in inglese.

Italian

La Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education (FARE) ha intervistato 1820 persone in tutta Australia per il suo sondaggio annuale sull’alcol: Attitudes and Behaviors, edizione 2019.

Poco meno della metà (il 47%) dei bevitori australiani consuma alcolici per ubriacarsi, rispetto al 35% del 2011.

Ha inoltre rilevato che quasi il 90% dei bevitori australiani ritiene responsabile la propria assunzione di alcol.

Il 64% degli australiani che consuma alcolici per ubriacarsi almeno due volte alla settimana ha dichiarato di considerarsi un bevitore responsabile, così come il 79% di coloro che consumano da sei a dieci bevande standard in una serata tipo.

L'amministratore delegato del FARE, Michael Thorn, afferma che esiste una disconnessione tra ciò che le autorità sanitarie e l’australiano medio considerano bere con reponsabilità.

 "The National Health and Medical Research Council's national drinking guidelines say you shouldn’t drink more than four standard drinks on an occasion to minimise short-term rinks, and only two to minimise long-term (risks). So clearly, people aren't being responsible when it comes to the consumption of alcohol."

Ci sono circa 6.000 decessi legati all'alcol ogni anno in Australia - uno su ogni 22 decessi complessivi.

Negli ultimi dieci anni, gli aborigeni e gli isolani dello Stretto di Torres hanno fatto registrare costantemente tassi di mortalità correlati all'alcool cinque volte superiori a quelli degli australiani non indigeni.

Queste cifre comprendono mortalità per incidenti stradali e aggressioni nonché problemi di salute a lungo termine.

Il sondaggio del FARE ha tuttavia rilevato che solo il 41% degli intervistati ha dichiarato di essere a conoscenza del legame tra consumo di alcol e ictus.

Meno di un terzo e meno di un quinto, rispettivamente, hanno dichiarato di essere a conoscenza del legame con il cancro alla bocca e alla gola (29%) e il cancro al seno (16%).

Sanchia Aranda, amministratore delegato del Cancer Council, afferma che i dati relativi al cancro nel sondaggio sono simili a quelli delle ricerche della sua organizzazione.

"There's evidence that individuals don’t understand cancer and alcohol are associated. Drinking excessively in Australia causes nearly as many cancer deaths as over exposure to ultra violet radiation, where we have very high awareness."

Thorn chiede che il governo investa in nuove campagne educative.

"People are aware of the association between violence and family violence, but there's a lack of awareness about these long-term risks. There hasn’t been a national public awareness campaign in this country since 2009. Frankly, governments need to be investing in big public health campaigns that tell the truth about the risks associated with drinking."

Come molti ricercatori medici, il professor Anthony Shakeshaft del National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre sostiene questo appello, ma aggiunge un avvertimento.

"There's not a lot of evidence that education and increased knowledge by themselves change behaviour. There might have to be some thinking of some other strategies we can employ."]]

Il professor Shakeshaft sostiene che la regolamentazione della pubblicità degli alcolici, insieme all'educazione, sarebbe più efficace.

"A good analogy to keep in mind is probably is probably  the drink driving one. Just telling people it's dangerous to drink and drive isn’t what shifted people to be more reluctant to drink and drive --but it was also the introduction of random breath testing and if you get caught, you might go to court, you might lose your licence. If you just educated people about the dangers of drinking and driving you’d get some shift, but the thing that really makes the difference is the addition of regulating it."

Sanchia Aranda del Cancer Council ha alcune proposte.

"There needs to a range of policy reforms, such as restrictions on alcohol advertising and promotion, particular to young people, alcohol pricing policy reforms, as well as health information and warning labels on alcohol products."

English

The Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education's 2019 Annual Alcohol Poll: Attitudes and Behaviours surveyed 1820 people around Australia.

It found just under half of Australian drinkers consume alcohol to get drunk, up from 35 per cent in 2011.

It also found nearly 90 per cent of Australian drinkers consider their alcohol intake responsible.

Sixty four per cent of Australians who consume alcohol to get drunk at least twice a week said they consider themselves a responsible drinker, as did 79 per cent of those who consume six to ten standard drinks on a typical occasion.

FARE Chief Executive Michael Thorn says there's a disconnect between what health authorities and everyday Australians consider responsible drinking.

"The National Health and Medical Research Council's national drinking guidelines say you shouldn’t drink more than four standard drinks on an occasion to minimise short-term rinks, and only two to minimise long-term (risks). So clearly, people aren't being responsible when it comes to the consumption of alcohol."

There are roughly 6,000 alcohol-related deaths each year in Australia - one in every 22 overall deaths.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have consistently recorded alcohol-related mortality rates five times higher than that of the non-Indigenous Australians in the past decade.

Those figures encompass mortalities from car accidents and assaults, and also long-term health problems.

But the FARE survey found only 41 per cent of respondents said they were aware of the link between alcohol use and stroke.

Less than a third, and less than a fifth, said they were aware of the link mouth and throat cancer and breast cancer respectively.

Cancer Council Chief Executive Sanchia Aranda says the survey’s cancer-related findings are consistent with her organisation’s own research.

"There's evidence that individuals don’t understand cancer and alcohol are associated. Drinking excessively in Australia causes nearly as many cancer deaths as over exposure to ultra violet radiation, where we have very high awareness."

Mr Thorn is calling for government spending on new education campaigns.

"People are aware of the association between violence and family violence, but there's a lack of awareness about these long-term risks. There hasn’t been a national public awareness campaign in this country since 2009. Frankly, governments need to be investing in big public health campaigns that tell the truth about the risks associated with drinking."

The National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre’s Professor Anthony Shakeshaft, like many medical researchers, is backing those calls.

However, he's adding a caveat.

"There's not a lot of evidence that education and increased knowledge by themselves change behaviour. There might have to be some thinking of some other strategies we can employ."

Professor Shakeshaft says regulation of alcohol and alcohol advertising, in conjunction with education, would be more beneficial.

"A good analogy to keep in mind is probably is probably  the drink driving one. Just telling people it's dangerous to drink and drive isn’t what shifted people to be more reluctant to drink and drive --but it was also the introduction of random breath testing and if you get caught, you might go to court, you might lose your licence. If you just educated people about the dangers of drinking and driving you’d get some shift, but the thing that really makes the difference is the addition of regulating it."

The Cancer Council's Sanchia Aranda has a few ideas.

"There needs to a range of policy reforms, such as restrictions on alcohol advertising and promotion, particular to young people, alcohol pricing policy reforms, as well as health information and warning labels on alcohol products."

Report by Evan Young 

Ascolta SBS Italian tutti i giorni, dalle 8am alle 10am. Seguici su FacebookTwitter e Instagram.

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