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Episodio #67: Cos'è NAIDOC Week?

Brian Liddle Jr participates in a NAIDOC week march in Melbourne, Friday, July 6, 2018. Source: AAP

Il desiderio di vecchia data degli aborigeni e abitanti di Torres Strait Islands di ottenere un ruolo più attivo nelle decisioni in Australia caratterizza l'edizione di quest'anno di NAIDOC week, che va dal 7 al 14 di luglio.

Slow Italian, Fast Learning, il meglio dei nostri servizi della settimana, letti più lentamente e più scanditi, con i testi in italiano e in inglese.

Italian

Organizzata dalla National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee, NAIDOC ha le sue radici nell'attivismo degli anni 20 e 30.

Durante Australia Day nel 1938, manifestanti marciarono attraverso Sydney in quella che era stata chiamata Giornata del Lutto.

Il suo successo portò la Giornata del Lutto ad essere fissata ogni anno la domenica prima di Australia Day, in quella che divenne nota come la Giornata Nazionale degli Aborigeni.

Quel giorno di ricordo venne poi alla fine spostato al mese di luglio, per far diventare il giorno di protesta anche uno di celebrazione della cultura aborigena.

Nel 1975, si decise di modificare la commemorazione annuale in una settimana intera di eventi dalla prima alla seconda domenica di luglio.

Il co-Presidente della National NAIDOC Committee, John Paul Janke ha dichiarato che la lunga ricerca di un trattato e di un processo conosciuto come 'truth telling', il disvelamento delle verità, si riflettono nel tema di quest'anno: Voce. Trattato. Verità. Lavoriamo insieme per un futuro condiviso.

"The NAIDOC Committee felt that those issues have been sort of bubbling away at the surface for generations. Aboriginal people have always been asking for a say in their own affairs and on issues that affect them and we've been asking for a treaty or similar agreement for generations and we believe that the best way to do that is to undergo a truth-telling exercise. So to tell the true history of this country and it's something that the NAIDOC Committee felt it's time to undertake."

Racconta inoltra che quello che iniziò come un movimento di protesta sia ora una settimana di celebrazioni.

"Today, it is used by Indigenous communities to still celebrate their survival but also to celebrate their rich history, their diverse cultures and also to share their knowledge. I think in the Indigenous community it's growing more than ever, each year the celebrations get bigger and bigger. In the non-Indigenous community, the celebrations are increasing and, in fact, a lot more non-Indigenous people and communities and organisations are celebrating NAIDOC using it as an opportunity, I think, to engage with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community."

Uno degli eventi cardine è la National NAIDOC Awards Ceremony, che quest'anno si tiene a Canberra.

La cerimonia riconosce i contributi eccezionali da parte degli australiani indigeni per migliorare le vite delle popolazioni indigene, promuovere temi indigeni nella comunità principale e riconoscerel'eccellenza di individui nel loro campo di specializzazione.

Il presidente di Healing Foundation, Richard Weston, ha dichiarato che i vincitori sono spesso persone che hanno dedicato le loro vite nell'aiutare gli altri.

"Many of those people have dedicated their lives to their families and communities and that recognition is really important. It's a uniting event for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders across the country. That opportunity to connect up and celebrate and I'm sure the rest of Australia would get something out of it too if they had more exposure to it."

Quest'anno, SBS ha stretto un accordo con la National NAIDOC Committee per preparare risorse didattiche per le scuole elementari e superiori, con lo scopo di interessare gli studenti e condividere le prospettive indigene nelle loro comunità.

Si possono trovare su  sbs.com.au/learn/naidoc 


English

Organised by the National Aborigines and Islanders Day Observance Committee, NAIDOC has its roots in activism that took place in the 1920s and 30s.

On Australia Day in 1938, protesters marched through Sydney in what was called a Day of Mourning.

Its success led to the Day of Mourning being marked each year on the Sunday before Australia Day, in what became known as National Aborigines Day.

That day of remembrance was eventually shifted to the month of July so the day of protest could also be one of celebrating Aboriginal culture.

In 1975, it was decided to turn the annual commemoration into a week-long event marked from the first to the second Sunday in July.

Co-Chair of the National NAIDOC Committee, John Paul Janke says the enduring quest for a treaty and for a process known as truth-telling is reflected in this year's theme:  Voice. Treaty. Truth. Let's work together for a shared future.

"The NAIDOC Committee felt that those issues have been sort of bubbling away at the surface for generations. Aboriginal people have always been asking for a say in their own affairs and on issues that affect them and we've been asking for a treaty or similar agreement for generations and we believe that the best way to do that is to undergo a truth-telling exercise. So to tell the true history of this country and it's something that the NAIDOC Committee felt it's time to undertake."

He says what started as a protest movement is now a week of celebration. 

"Today, it is used by Indigenous communities to still celebrate their survival but also to celebrate their rich history, their diverse cultures and also to share their knowledge. I think in the Indigenous community it's growing more than ever, each year the celebrations get bigger and bigger. In the non-Indigenous community, the celebrations are increasing and, in fact, a lot more non-Indigenous people and communities and organisations are celebrating NAIDOC using it as an opportunity, I think, to engage with the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community."

One of the key events is the National NAIDOC Awards Ceremony, which this year is being held in Canberra.

It recognises outstanding contributions made by Indigenous Australians to improve the lives of Indigenous people, to promote Indigenous issues in the wider community and to recognise the excellence of individuals in their field of expertise.

The Chief Executive of the Healing Foundation, Richard Weston, says the recipients are often people who have dedicated their lives to helping others.

"Many of those people have dedicated their lives to their families and communities and that recognition is really important. It's a uniting event for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders across the country. That opportunity to connect up and celebrate and I'm sure the rest of Australia would get something out of it too if they had more exposure to it."

This year, SBS has partnered with the National NAIDOC Committee to prepare classroom resources for primary and secondary school teachers so they can engage students and share Indigenous perspectives in their communities.

They can be found at sbs.com.au/learn/naidoc 

Report by Greg Dyett           

Ascolta SBS Italian tutti i giorni, dalle 8am alle 10am. Seguici su FacebookTwitter e Instagram.

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