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Episodio #72: Il governo considera il visto per un ragazzo che ha combattuto con lo Stato Islamico

Source: SBS

Il governo starebbe considerando una richiesta di un visto da un adolescente Yazidi, che è stato rapito e costretto a combattere con lo Stato Islamico.

Slow Italian, Fast Learning, il meglio dei nostri servizi della settimana, letti più lentamente e più scanditi, con i testi in italiano e in inglese.

Italian

Una famiglia distrutta dallo Stato Islamico in Iraq sta cercando di rimettere in sesto i pezzi e ricostuire una vita in Australia.

Ma la madre della famiglia racconta che c'è ancora un pezzo mancante.

"My soul is my son. He is very dear to me. I can guarantee that my son is all there, he hasn't been brainwashed. If he doesn't come, God knows what will happen."

Shvan, nome di fantasia, venne rapito nel 2014 quando lo Stato Islamico attaccò Sinjar, la città d'origine della famiglia in Iraq.

La sua famiglia venne condotta in schiavitù, insieme a migliaia di altre persone della minoranza religiosa Yazidis.

Shvan venne preso da parte e costretto a diventare un bambino soldato per il gruppo terroristico.

Parlando a SBS da un campo rifugiati nel nord dell'Iraq, Shvan ha raccontato di aver compiuto 18 anni e di essere stato liberato all'inizio dell'anno, ma che non era stato in grado di scappare prima di allora.

"I was afraid a lot. I tried many times to escape, but I didn’t get the opportunity."

Shvan ha detto di essere stato interrogato da un funzionario australiano sulla sua richiesta di raggiungere la sua famiglia e di avere un bisogno disperato di vedere sua madre.

"If I don’t see my mother I will die, I have been waiting to see her for five years, and at the end don’t see her."

Il Ministero degli Interni non ha confermato se la richiesta dell'adolescente sia sotto esame, dichiarando di non commentare su casi individuali.

Il ministro degli interni Peter Dutton ha aggiunto che non rilascerà commenti su casi specifici, ma che alcuni individui sono stati sottoposti a delle esperienze terribili dallo Stato Islamico.

"Let’s be realistic about those we are bringing back, others as I have said before have been in violent relationships or have been sold or traded into some other relationship in horrific circumstances."

L'avvocato per i rifugiati di Human Rights For All Alison Battison ha dichiarato che ci sono dei precedenti in cui l'Australia ha accettato persone che avevano combattuto come bambini soldato.

"I note that Australia has taken former child soldiers from other countries, particularly from African conflicts, so it is absolutely not a bar to somebody seeking to be reunited with their family in Australia or seeking asylum."

Il direttore del Counter-Terrorism Policy Centre all'Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Isaac Kfir ((K-feer)), ha dichiarato che, sebbeno non tutti i bambini catturati dello Stato Islamico siano stati radicalizzati e pongano dei rischi alla sicurezza potenziali, alcuni lo potrebbero essere.

"Over the past 15 years we have developed an exceptionally robust system of assessment and risk evaluation. Australia has some of the best people in the de-radicalisation field in the world, we need to trust their assessment."

Per la madre di Shvan non sarà mai troppo presto per rivedere suo figlio.

"Please bring my son here as soon as possible, because my son is my life."

English

A family torn apart by Islamic State in Iraq is now trying to pick up the pieces and rebuild in Australia.

But the mother of the family says there's one piece that's still missing.

"My soul is my son. He is very dear to me. I can guarantee that my son is all there, he hasn't been brainwashed. If he doesn't come, God knows what will happen."

Shvan, not his real name, was taken in 2014 when I-S attacked the family's hometown of Sinjar, in Iraq.

His family was taken as slaves, along with thousands of other religious-minority Yazidis.

Shvan was separated and forced to become a child soldier for the terrorist group.

Speaking to SBS from a refugee camp in northern Iraq, Shvan says he's now 18-years-old.

He says he was freed earlier this year, but was unable to escape before then.

"I was afraid a lot. I tried many times to escape, but I didn’t get the opportunity."

Shvan says he's been interviewed by an Australian official about his bid to join his family and is desperate to see his mother.

"If I don’t see my mother I will die, I have been waiting to see her for five years, and at the end don’t see her."

The Department of Home Affairs wouldn't confirm whether the teenager's application is under consideration, saying it doesn't comment on individual cases.

Home Affairs Minister Peter Dutton also says he won't comment on particular cases, but does say some individuals had been put through terrible experiences by I-S.

"Let’s be realistic about those we are bringing back, others as I have said before have been in violent relationships or have been sold or traded into some other relationship in horrific circumstances."

Refugee lawyer from Human Rights For All Alison Battison says there's precedents where Australia has accepted people who've fought as child soldiers.

"I note that Australia has taken former child soldiers from other countries, particularly from African conflicts, so it is absolutely not a bar to somebody seeking to be reunited with their family in Australia or seeking asylum."

Director of the Counter-Terrorism Policy Centre at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Isaac Kfir, says while not all children who were captured by I-S will hold radical views and pose a potential security threat, some may.

"Over the past 15 years we have developed an exceptionally robust system of assessment and risk evaluation. Australia has some of the best people in the de-radicalisation field in the world, we need to trust their assessment."

For Shvan's mother, seeing her son, can't come soon enough.

"Please bring my son here as soon as possible, because my son is my life."

Report by Mayada Khalil and Jarni Blakkarley.

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