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Episodio #79 - Revisione di pensione e superannuation

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ITALIANO

Il governo federale intende effettuare una revisione della pensione di anzianità, della superannuation obbligatoria e del risparmio volontario.

Mentre il partito laburista teme che ciò possa comportare tagli ai redditi da pensione, i sostenitori degli anziani sono d’accordo sull'inchiesta, ma affermano che è necessario fare di più per garantire che tutti gli australiani possano andare in pensione con tranquillità.

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Per la prima volta in tre decenni, è stata annunciata un'importante revisione del sistema pensionistico australiano.

Esaminerà il rapporto tra la pensione di anzianità, la superannuation obbligatoria e il risparmio volontario, compresa la proprietà della casa.

Un gruppo di esperti indipendenti esaminerà esattamente cosa aiuta o nuoce ai pensionati.

Il ministro del tesoro Josh Frydenberg afferma che la revisione esaminerà il sistema attuale.

"There are three pillars to our retirement income system, there is the aged pension, there is voluntary savings and there is compulsory super and we need to understand how they interact together."

Esaminerà anche come funzionerà in futuro, visto che gli australiani vivono più a lungo e la popolazione invecchia.

Gli analisti prevedono un calo della proprietà della casa dei pensionati, dal 75% di oggi a meno del 60% nei prossimi 30 anni.

"It will be very important in helping to determine future policy positions by creating a fact base of what is happening in this system, particularly as we have an ageing population, people are living longer and our superannuation bill is growing dramatically over time.”

Ma il portavoce al tesoro laburista, Jim Chalmers, ha criticato i tempi della revisione. 

"If the government was serious about this retirement incomes review they wouldn't have dropped it out on the eve of Grand Final weekend hoping nobody would notice."

Ha anche criticato i precedenti in materia del governo.

"The extremists on the Liberal Party backbench call the shots in the Morrison government.  They want the family home in a pension asset test, they want superannuation to be cut, they want superannuation to be voluntary.  The government has a lot of form itself when it comes to cutting pensions and attacking super."

Il governo sostiene che non includerà la prima casa fra i beni appartenenti a chi prende la pensione di vecchiaia e ha anche assicurato gli australiani che l'età pensionabile non sarà elevata a 70 anni.

Frydenberg afferma inoltre che l'incremento del tasso obbligatorio di risparmio della superannuation sarà garantito, dal 9 e 1/2 al 12% entro il 2025.

Le persone con cui la SBS ha parlato hanno opinioni contrastanti.

"I think 12% is good because we're going to have more support when we're getting older / This government is not interested in superannuation, it sort of feels the responsibility is on you to save / I'm a self funded retiree so I hope they don't cut anything"

I sostenitori dei pensionati affermano che una revisione del sistema è attesa da tempo.

Il portavoce di National Seniors Australia, Craig Sullivan, afferma che i sostenitori vogliono che la revisione affronti la disparità di reddito.

We just want this to be a worthwhile review. We don't want this to be a review for the sake of a review. We want this to be a real opportunity, a once in a lifetime opportunity to address the inadequacies that are in retirement income, particularly pension poverty. 1 in 4 pensioners live in poverty in Australia -- and that is quite a disgrace for a developed country such as Australia.

Un documento di consultazione verrà pubblicato a novembre e la relazione finale è prevista per il giugno del prossimo anno.

Di Maya Jamieson e Cassandra Bain per SBS News. Letto da Marco Lucchi per SBS Italian.

 

ENGLISH

The federal government is to undertake a major review into the Age Pension, compulsory superannuation and voluntary savings. While the opposition party, Labor, fears it could result in cuts to retirement incomes, Seniors advocates support the inquiry but say more needs to be done to ensure all Australians can retire comfortably

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For the first time in three decades, a major review of Australia's retirement income system is being undertaken.

It will look at the relationship between the age pension, compulsory superannuation and voluntary savings including home ownership.

A panel of independent experts will investigate exactly what's helping - or hurting - retirees.

Treasurer Josh Frydenberg says the review will look at the existing system.

"There are three pillars to our retirement income system, there is the aged pension, there is voluntary savings and there is compulsory super and we need to understand how they interact together."

It will also look at how it will perform in the future as Australians live longer and the population ages.

Analysts predict a fall in home ownership of retirees - down from 75 per cent today to less than 60 per cent over the next 30 years.

"It will be very important in helping to determine future policy positions by creating a fact base of what is happening in this system, particularly as we have an ageing population, people are living longer and our superannuation bill is growing dramatically over time.”

But Labor's Treasury spokesperson, Jim Chalmers has questioned the timing of the review.

"If the government was serious about this retirement incomes review they wouldn't have dropped it out on the eve of Grand Final weekend hoping nobody would notice."

He also criticised the government's record.

"The extremists on the Liberal Party backbench call the shots in the Morrison government. They want the family home in a pension asset test, they want superannuation to be cut, they want superannuation to be voluntary. The government has a lot of form itself when it comes to cutting pensions and attacking super."

The government says it will not include the family home in the age pension assets test and is also assuring Australians the pension age won't be lifted to 70.

Mr Frydenberg also says the rise of the compulsory superannuation savings rate will go ahead - from 9 and a half to 12 per cent by 2025.

People SBS talked to had mixed views.

"I think 12% is good because we're going to have more support when we're getting older / This government is not interested in superannuation, it sort of feels the responsibility is on you to save / I'm a self funded retiree so I hope they don't cut anything"

Retiree advocates say an overhaul of the system is long-overdue.

National Seniors Australia spokesman Craig Sullivan says advocates wants the review to address income inequality.

“We just want this to be a worthwhile review. We don't want this to be a review for the sake of a review. We want this to be a real opportunity, a once in a lifetime opportunity to address the inadequancies that are in retirement income, particularly pension poverty. 1 in 4 pensioners live in poverty in Australia -- and that is quite a disgrace for a developed country such as Australia.”

A consultation paper will be è released in November with a final report due by June next year.

That story by Maya Jamieson and Cassandra Bain for SBS News. Read by Marco Lucchi for SBS Italian.

 

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