The AMA has joined other international health organisations, including the American Medical Association, the British Medical Association, and Doctors for the Environment Australia, in labelling it a "health emergency".
"The Federal Council recognises climate change as a health emergency, with clear scientific evidence indicating severe impacts for our patients and communities now and into the future," the federal council says.
AMA President, Dr Tony Bartone, said on Tuesday the evidence on climate change was "irrefutable".
"The AMA accepts the scientific evidence on climate change and its impact on human health and human wellbeing," Dr Bartone said.
"Climate change will cause higher mortality and morbidity from heat stress.
"Climate change will cause injury and mortality from increasingly severe weather events.
"Climate change will cause increases in the transmission of vector-borne diseases.
"Climate change will cause food insecurity resulting from declines in agricultural outputs.
"Climate change will cause a higher incidence of mental ill-health.
"These effects are already being observed internationally and in Australia. There is no doubt that climate change is a health emergency."
Dr Bartone said the AMA was calling on the federal government to adopt several measures, including "mitigation targets" on carbon and policies that promote transitioning from fossil fuels to renewable energy.