Asia-Pacific

Chinese President to make first trip to North Korea in 14 years

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Chinese President Xi Jinping will visit to North Korea this week, state media announced Monday, as US talks with North Korea on its nuclear program are at an apparent standstill.

Xi Jinping will make the first trip to North Korea by a Chinese president in 14 years this week, state media said Monday, as Beijing tightens relations with Pyongyang amid tensions with the United States.

Xi will visit Pyongyang on Thursday and Friday at the invitation of North Korean leader Kim Jong-un, said Chinese broadcaster CCTV.

The timing is likely to raise eyebrows at the White House as it comes one week before the G20 summit in Japan, where US President Donald Trump expects to meet with Xi to discuss their protracted trade war.

In 2018, Chinese President Xi Jinping poses with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un during a welcome ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
In 2018, Chinese President Xi Jinping poses with North Korean leader Kim Jong-un during a welcome ceremony at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing.
Xinhua

Analysts say Xi could now use North Korea as leverage in talks with Trump.

China and North Korea have worked to improve relations in the past year after they deteriorated as Beijing backed a series of UN sanctions against its Cold War-era ally over its nuclear activities.

The North's leader Kim Jong-un has travelled to China - his country's sole major ally - four times in the past year to meet Xi.

But Xi had yet to reciprocate until now. It will be the first trip there by a Chinese president since Hu Jintao went in 2005. 

"China-DPRK relations have opened a new chapter," CCTV said, adding that Xi and Kim have reached a "series of important consensus" in past meetings.

Xi and Kim will "push for new progress" in a political resolution of the Korean peninsula issue, according to CCTV, which cited an unnamed official.

'Critical stakeholder'

With Beijing and Washington at loggerheads over trade, China is keen to remind Trump of its influence in Pyongyang, with whom his nuclear negotiations - a point of pride for the US president, who faces an election next year - are also at a deadlock.

North Korean leader Kim Jong-un supervising a 'strike drill', reportedly testing long-range multiple rocket launchers.
North Korean leader Kim Jong-un has visited China several times this year.
KCNA via KNS

"The signal would be that China remains a critical stakeholder," said Jingdong Yuan, a professor specialising in Asia-Pacific security and Chinese foreign policy at the University of Sydney.

"You cannot ignore China and China can play a very important role," he told AFP. Xi could thus use the trip as a "bargaining chip" in the US-China trade war, he added.

According to an informed source in Pyongyang, Beijing was keen to arrange a visit to North Korea ahead of any encounter between Xi and Trump at the G20 summit - with logistics finalised only last month.

In recent days, hundreds of soldiers and workers have been sprucing up the Friendship Tower in Pyongyang, pruning bushes and replanting flowerbeds on the approaches to the monument, which commemorates the millions of Chinese troops Mao Zedong sent to save the forces of Kim's grandfather, Kim Il Sung, from defeat during the Korean War.

A detachment of soldiers in white jackets was also seen outside the Liberation War Museum - which includes a section on the Chinese contribution - potentially indicating that it may be on Xi's itinerary.

The office of South Korean President Moon Jae-in said it had learned about Xi's travel plans last week. 

"We hope that this visit will contribute to the early resumption of negotiations for the complete denuclearisation of the Korean peninsula which will lead to the settlement of lasting peace on the Korean peninsula," the Blue House said.

'Four to zero'

It will be Xi's first trip to North Korea since taking power in 2012, though he visited the country as vice president in 2008.

Russian President Vladimir Putin toasts with Chinese President Xi Jinping prior in Dushanbe, Tajikistan on Friday, June 14.
Russian President Vladimir Putin toasts with Chinese President Xi Jinping prior in Dushanbe, Tajikistan on Friday, June 14.
Pool Sputnik Kremlin

In contrast, Kim Jong-un has gone to China multiple times over the past year - an unbalanced exchange that has not gone unnoticed in Pyongyang.

According to diplomatic sources in the North Korean capital, after Kim's many trips to meet Xi, there were increasingly strong feelings in Pyongyang that the Chinese leader should reciprocate for reasons of saving face.

"From a North Korean perspective, it's time for Chairman Xi to visit," said John Delury, an expert on US-China relations and Korean Peninsula affairs at Yonsei University in Seoul.

"They do keep score and it's like four to zero," he recently told AFP. "So far, Xi has approached China-North Korea relations very much as a function of US-China relations and kind of calculated in terms of that."

The visit also comes as negotiations between Trump and Kim have soured after a second summit in February broke up without a deal, failing to agree on what Pyongyang would be willing to give up in exchange for sanctions relief.

Since then, Kim has accused Washington of acting in "bad faith" and given it until the end of the year to change its approach.

Still, the nuclear situation is "under control for now", said Delury. 

"That creates a space, a window where Xi could make a visit without expecting like a missile test the day he leaves or something like that," he said.

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