Asia-Pacific

Furious China vows to 'fight back' after US House backs Hong Kong democracy

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China has reacted to the US House of Representatives passing bills intended to support protesters in Hong Kong.

China on Thursday accused the US of seeking to "destroy" Hong Kong and threatened retaliation after Congress passed new legislation supporting the pro-democracy movement that has thrown the city into nearly six months of turmoil.

Foreign Minister Wang Yi said the passage of the Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act "indulges violent criminals" that China blames for the worsening unrest and aims to "muddle or even destroy Hong Kong".

The legislation - which now awaits President Donald Trump's signature into law - backs universal suffrage, freedom from arbitrary arrest, and sanctions against those who contravene such principles.

Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China Wang Yi.
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China Wang Yi.
AAP

It was passed by the House of Representatives on Wednesday despite warnings from China, which angrily rejects criticism of its handling of Hong Kong.

Hong Kong's months of protest began with a now-shelved bill to allow extraditions to mainland China, which revived fears that Beijing was slicing into the city's freedoms.

Millions of angry citizens have taken to the streets in giant marches, and protesters have repeatedly clashed with police in a movement that has widened to include calls for democracy and an inquiry into alleged police brutality.

Hong Kong's Beijing-appointed leaders have rebuffed the demands.

The resistance has focused in recent days on the campus of the Hong Kong Polytechnic University, with fiery clashes that saw police firing tear gas and rubber bullets at protesters, who shot arrows and lobbed Molotov cocktails.

Bring it on

The university remained under siege Thursday, with dozens of holdouts in the movement's signature black colours defying official calls to surrender.

Hundreds have fled the campus out of fear or deteriorating living conditions this week, most of them quickly arrested by police on rioting allegations.

Exhausted protesters draped in gold and silver medical blankets continued to trickle out of Thursday.

But a 30-year-old masked protester who gave his name as "Mike" scoffed at surrendering, saying international and local pressure would cause authorities to make a humiliating "retreat".

"Please try! You're welcome [to storm the campus]," he told AFP, in a message to police.

"It will be a fun game of hide-and-seek."

Anti-government protesters at Hong Kong Polytechnic University on Monday.
Anti-government protesters at Hong Kong Polytechnic University on Monday.
Getty

"Police are making the wrong calculation here if they think we will surrender. We have plenty of resources, plenty of food and water. We can last a month."

In some areas, materials used for making Molotov cocktails were strewn about - accompanied by warnings against smoking - and graffiti was seen throughout the campus, including messages such as "You can kill a man, you can't kill an idea."

'Naked interference'

The turmoil has already tipped Hong Kong's economy into recession and the threat of a change in trade status brought fresh gloom.

Hong Kong's benchmark stock index ended sharply lower, and other Asian markets also lost ground over fears that the rights legislation could derail the delicate effort to settle the trade war between the world's two biggest economies.

Riot police detain protesters near Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong
Riot police detain protesters near Hong Kong Polytechnic University in Hong Kong
AP

Mr Wang, Beijing's top diplomat, condemned the bill as "naked interference in China's internal affairs", according to the foreign ministry, which said the comments were made during a meeting in Beijing with former US defense secretary William Cohen.

A foreign ministry spokesman also vowed that China would "take effective measures to resolutely fight back", giving no details.

Hong Kong is a semi-autonomous Chinese region and US policy treats its economy as separate from the rest of China.

Students use umbrellas as a shield during a clash with police at the Chinese University in Hong Kong.
Students use umbrellas as a shield during a clash with police at the Chinese University in Hong Kong.
AAP

That has been a key factor in the city's rise as an international financial hub, and left it exempt from the crippling tariffs imposed by Trump's administration.

The new US bill would require an annual review of that status, which could be revoked if the city's unique freedoms are quashed.

Beijing has repeatedly said it may act if Hong Kong spirals out of control, and China's state media said the US legislation would not change that calculus.

"Some may expect this to deter Beijing," the government mouthpiece Global Times said. "Such thinking is naive."

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