Hundreds of people have been arrested on suspicion of being a foreign migrant — including a Muslim veteran of the Indian army.
Local activists and lawyers say the pain of being left off a preliminary list of citizens and the prospect of being thrown into jail have driven dozens to suicide.
Source: Atul Loke for The New York Times
But the governing party of Prime Minister Narendra Modi is not backing down.
Instead, it is vowing to bring this campaign to force people to prove they are citizens to other parts of India, part of a far-reaching Hindu nationalist program fueled by Modi’s sweeping reelection victory in May and his stratospheric popularity.
Members of India’s Muslim minority are growing more fearful by the day.
Assam’s anxiously watched documentation of citizenship — a drive that began years ago and is scheduled to wrap up on 31 August — coincides with another setback for Muslims, this one transpiring more than 1,000 miles away.
Less than two weeks ago, Modi unilaterally wiped out the statehood of India’s only Muslim-majority state, Jammu and Kashmir, removing its special autonomy and turning it into a federal territory without any consultation with local leaders — many of whom have since been arrested.
All of the 33 million residents of Assam have had to prove, with documentary evidence, that they or their ancestors were Indian citizens before early 1971 when Bangladesh was established after breaking away from Pakistan.
That is not easy.
Many families are racing to get their hands on a decades-old property deed or fraying birth certificate with an ancestor’s name on it.
By Jeffrey Gettleman and Hari Kumar © 2019 The New York Times