Europe

Italy PM Conte vows for 'fairer' country after far-right's fall from power

Giuseppe Conte receives the term of the Quirinale Consultations for the formation of the government Source: AP

Caretaker Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte has accepted instructions to form a new coalition and is vowing to lead a "more united, inclusive" nation.

Italy's premier-designate Giuseppe Conte said on Thursday his new coalition would lead a "more united, inclusive" country after a deal was struck that cut the anti-immigrant far-right out of power.

The anti-establishment Five Star Movement (M5S) and the centre-left Democratic Party (PD), once bitter foes, agreed on Wednesday to govern in coalition to stave off snap elections in the eurozone's third-largest economy.

"We must transform this crisis into an opportunity," Mr Conte said, insisting that Italy would once more become a key player in Europe after 14 months of a populist, anti-EU government.

The new government would create "a fairer, more competitive, more united, more inclusive country".

Giuseppe Conte receives the term of the Quirinale Consultations for the formation of the government
Giuseppe Conte receives the term of the Quirinale Consultations for the formation of the government
AP

The soft-spoken former academic, who was chosen as a compromise prime minister last year, was handed a fresh mandate by the president and said he would take a few days for political consultations to ensure a parliamentary majority.

Milan's FTSE Mib was up 2.0 per cent after his speech.

Mr Conte said it was a "very delicate phase" for debt-burdened Italy, citing an economic slowdown in Europe and trade tensions between the US and China.

"We have to make up for lost time so Italy can play the leading role (in Europe) that a founding country deserves," Mr Conte said.

European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker sent his "warmest wishes" to Mr Conte and Brussels was "counting on (Italy's) active contribution to the European project," his spokeswoman said.

'Get straight to work'

The crisis was triggered on August 8 when popular far-right leader Matteo Salvini pulled his far-right League party out of the governing coalition with M5S, calling for fresh elections he thought would make him premier.

Mr Salvini said the new coalition "was born in Brussels to get rid of that pain in the arse Salvini," and announced a League rally in Rome for 19 October, said it would be "a great day of Italian pride".

Without a new government at the reins, it could face an automatic rise in value-added tax that would hit the poorest families the hardest and could plunge the country into recession.

M5S chief Luigi Di Maio has said the deal with the PD will have to be approved by his party's members in an online vote, which could take place by this weekend.

Giuseppe Conte (R) with Matteo Salvini (L).
Giuseppe Conte (R) with Matteo Salvini (L).
AAP Image/Maurizio Brambatti/ANSA via AP

Mr Conte said he would "immediately get to work on a budget that will counteract the increase in VAT, protect savers, and give a solid perspective of growth and social development."

He said the new coalition's priorities would include improving infrastructure, boosting renewable energies and fighting tax evasion - but notably did not mention immigration, which has been Mr Salvini's political obsession.

"The agreement means we won't have an election in the autumn and any budget confrontation with Brussels later this year may be less fierce than last," said Craig Erlam, senior market analyst at OANDA.

"The two parties still very much have their differences and it's unlikely to be a harmonious relationship but it will likely be a better match than the last," he said.

Investors and markets have welcomed the likely return to political stability in the eurozone's third-largest economy, with Italy's 10-year bond yield falling to a record low Wednesday.

Unlikely bedfellows

But analysts have warned the deal between the M5S - which had sworn never to ally with traditional parties - and the centre-left, which has long loathed it, could quickly crumble.

"Any new government formed by these unlikely bedfellows has the potential to be a fairly short-lived affair, given that the onus will now fall on a new administration to implement new EU mandated spending reductions of up to 23 billion euros this autumn," said Michael Hewson, chief market analyst at CMC Markets UK.

"These are not expected to be popular and likely to feed into the populist narrative of Matteo Salvini," he added.

Mr Salvini said on Wednesday his party was confident it would win eventual new elections next year, saying "we're in no hurry". 

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