Almost one in five Chinese Australians reported being attacked or physically threatened in the past year because of their Chinese heritage, a wide-ranging survey by the Lowy Institute shows.
More than one third of Chinese Australians reported facing discrimination last year, according to a new survey released by the Lowy Institute.
The findings from the foreign affairs think-tank showed 37 per cent of Chinese Australians felt they had been treated differently or less favourably because of their heritage.
Two-thirds of respondents believed the pandemic was a contributing factor to this discrimination and 52 per cent cited diplomatic tensions between Australia and China as another reason.
Of more than 1,000 Chinese Australians surveyed, 18 per cent reported being physically threatened or attacked because of their ethnic background in the 12 months to December 2020.
The results echo findings from the United States, where 2,808 cases of anti-Asian hate were reported last year, according to anti-discrimination campaign Stop AAPI Hate.
Video footage of an elderly man being violently pushed to the ground in Oakland's Chinatown made international news amid what the campaign called a "surge" in racially motivated violence.
Last year, as tensions between Canberra and Beijing escalated, China told its citizens not to travel to Australia, warning of violence and discrimination.
Finance Minister Simon Birmingham rejected the claim at the time.
"I think the idea that Australia, in any way, is an unsafe destination for visitors to come to is one that just does not stand up to scrutiny," he said.
The Lowy survey also showed a large majority of Chinese Australian respondents felt a great or moderate sense of belonging in Australia, with most saying they felt their culture was accepted.
The findings come with relations between Canberra and Beijing at their worst in decades.
Although China is Australia's largest trading partner, the two nations repeatedly clashed throughout 2020 over a range of issues, including China's crackdowns in Xinjiang and Hong Kong, and lack of transparency over its handling of the coronavirus pandemic.
Beijing continues to hit several Australian exports with punitive sanctions while Canberra has scuppered at least two large takeovers by Chinese firms in the country, citing national security concerns.
The research also said that 67 per cent of Chinese Australians respondents would support targeted sanctions against "Chinese officials associated with human rights abuses".
Under one third described Australian media's coverage of China as fair and balanced.