“Because there’s certainly one thing we all have in common, whether we sit in the green or red chairs in this place, or anywhere else, and that is our human frailty.
“Faith, religion, is actually first and foremost an expression of our human frailty and vulnerability and an understanding that there are things far bigger than each of us.”
Mr Morrison told the breakfast how religion had shaped his relationship with wife Jenny.
"I often talk about miracles being founded in prayer and recently I was in the United States… and I was there with Jenny, and I can report that Jenny and I did meet at a Christian camp,” he said.
“We were very young and we were there, and as we were heading into the south lawn of the White House, I turned to Jenny and said, ‘We’re a long way from the Central Coast now, darling’.”
The prayer breakfast was hosted by the cross-party Parliamentary Christian Fellowship and was also attended by opposition leader Anthony Albanese.
Mr Morrison’s public displays of his religious beliefs have been criticised in some quarters.
Earlier this year Mr Morrison said "keyboard warriors in their mother's basement" were responsible for online comments mocking his Christian beliefs.
"It's disgusting. These grubs are gutless and they're keyboard warriors in their mother's basement trying to make heroes of themselves. But the great Australian people are much bigger than them."
Mr Morrison’s office put itself in the spotlight with a gaffe on Monday morning after mistakenly sending the government’s talking points to the media.