The US Supreme Court has cleared President Donald Trump's administration to begin banning most transgender people from serving in the US military.
The US Supreme Court on Tuesday authorised President Donald Trump's administration to block the recruitment of transgender military personnel pending the outcome of litigation on the sensitive issue.
The White House had asked the Supreme Court to intervene after lower courts prohibited Trump's administration from implementing controversial restrictions on transgender service.
The administration said there is "too great a risk to military effectiveness and lethality" to allow transgender people to serve openly -- a policy enacted under Trump's predecessor Barack Obama.
The court decided by a narrow 5-4 majority to suspend prohibitions restricting transgender service as litigation moves forward in lower courts.
Under the Obama-era policy, transgender recruits were to start being accepted by July 1, 2017. The Trump administration postponed that date to January 1, 2018, before deciding to reverse the policy entirely.
But the ban on transgender people in the military was repeatedly challenged in court, leading to an updated policy that also contained major restrictions on transgender service.
It barred military service by people who had undergone gender reassignment surgery as well as people who have been diagnosed with gender dysphoria -- unless they could demonstrate an absence of the condition for 36 consecutive months.
The updated policy was also suspended because of its similarity to the original measure.
Transgender troops have been serving openly since January 1, 2018, but the government appealed and asked the Supreme Court to hear the case, requesting that it suspend the rulings of the lower courts.
Otherwise, "the nationwide injunction would... remain in place for at least another year and likely well into 2020 -- a period too long for the military to be forced to maintain a policy that it has determined, in its professional judgment, to be contrary to the nation's interests," the Trump administration argued.
The number of transgender troops among America's approximately 1.3 million active duty service members is fairly small, with estimates topping out at 15,000.
Democrats were quick to condemn the Supreme Court ruling and the underlying Trump administration policy it permits.
"Prejudice is not patriotism. Discrimination is not a national security strategy. This ban is nothing more than bigotry codified into law and an insult to all who have worn our nation's uniform," Democratic National Committee chairman Tom Perez said in a statement.
And Democratic Senator Diane Feinstein said it effectively marks a return to the policy under which openly gay people were barred from military service.
"The ban would essentially restore 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell' for transgender service members, only allowing them to serve if they hide their true identity," Feinstein said.