In an article released the day before the election, the Atlantic predicted that voting in the US election would be divided along four familiar lines: race, education, generation, and geography.
As the exit polls are released, which record information collected after people have voted in the election, key trends have emerged across these lines which reveal the deep political divides amongst the American people.
Race was a strong factor in determining the political candidate chosen. Of the voters surveyed 70% identified as White, 12% as Black, 11% as Latino, 4% as Asian and 3% as of other races.
On the whole 58% of white voters surveyed supported Trump, a result which was largely predicted by the polls and the popularity of Trump across the less multicultural central states of America.
While the UK Telegraph ran with the headline: ‘Hillary Clinton failed to win over black, Hispanic and female voters - the charts that show why she lost the presidential election’, she was easily the most popular candidate across voters from these demographics.
Clinton was most favoured by black Americans with 88% voting in her favour and she was favoured slightly less so by Latino and Asian Americans at 65%.
However, Clinton failed to win over these demographics as strongly as was expected. In comparison to the support for a black President during Obama’s re-election in 2012, the Democrats lost 4% of the Black American vote, with 2% voting instead for the Republicans.
The swing in the Latino vote was more substantial with a loss of 6% of the Democrat vote. Trump collected 29% of the Latino votes despite his comments about building a wall between the US and Mexico and deporting illegal immigrants.
Unsurprisingly, more Trump voters believed immigration was the central problem facing the country (64% to 32% for Clinton voters), though over half of those polled (52%) believed the economy was the most important issue.
When racial demographics are combined with gender the results are even more pointed, with more women voting for Clinton across racial divides.
The first chance for America to elect a female President had less of an impact on the vote than expected. Despite Trump’s comments about women and allegations of sexual assault shadowing much of the campaign, the gender divide between Democrats and Republicans was not significantly different to the outcome in 2012.
The polls showed that 54% of women backed Clinton with 42% supporting Trump, however in the 2012 Presidential race 55% of women sided with Obama over the 44% who backed Romney.
The LGBTI+ community representing 5% of respondents came out in support of Clinton with 78% voting for the Democrats.