1701 – Canada signs its first of many treaties with its Indigenous peoples.
1770 – Captain Cook arrives in Australia with orders to take possession of the land in the name of Great Britain with the consent of the Natives.
1778 – The United States signed their first written treaty, the Treaty of Fort Pitt, with the people of the Delaware, the Lenape people.
1835 - John Batman, a farmer in the Port Philip District of Victoria signed a treaty with the local Indigenous people however it was disregarded by the Victorian Government.
1840 – The Treaty of Waitangi was signed in New Zealand between Maori chiefs and British representatives of the Crown.
1979 – The Aboriginal Treaty Committee was formed with the aim to educate and persuade the broader Australian community of the prospect of a treaty.
1982 – The National Aboriginal Conference proposes a structure for each Aboriginal nation to negotiate its own treaty. Recommendations are made to the Senate that a treaty making process follow the structure of agreements between the Commonwealth and the States, which are supported by the Fraser Government.
1987 – Prime Minister Bob Hawke said that there should be “a clear statement and understanding by the total Australian community of the obligations that the community has to rectify so many of the injustices that have occurred during our 200 years.”
1988 – A statement of objectives for Aboriginal people is presented to PM Hawke at the Barunga Festival and he responds by calling for treaty negotiations to occur.
1991 – Political support for a treaty wanes and a policy of reconciliation is instead adopted and formalised by appointment of the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation. Yothu Yindi release their song ‘Treaty’ which quickly becomes an acclaimed protest song in the campaign for reform in Indigenous Affairs.
1998 – Prime Minister John Howard voices his opposition to a treaty and instead insists upon a non-binding recognition: “I hope we have some kind of written understanding. I don’t like the idea of a treaty because it implies that we are two nations. We are not, we are one nation.”
2000 – The Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation recommends that the Commonwealth enact legislation to create an agreement or treaty which could act as an instrument to resolve reconciliation.
2010 – The UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination recommends that Australia consider the ‘negotiation of a treaty agreement to build a constructive and sustained relationship with Indigenous peoples.’
2014 – Prime Minister Tony Abbott and the Chair of the Indigenous Advisory Council, Warren Mundine, both express their interest in the concept of treaty. They propose that rather than a national treaty that a structure be created for a treaty with the Federal Government and each Indigenous nation.
2016 – The Victorian Government commits to talks with Indigenous peoples on treaty and produces a set of treaty aims. Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull reaffirms his support of Constitutional recognition as discussions of a treaty surface before the 2016 election.