Indigenous Australians now make up more than 798,400 of the total Australian population of 24.5 million according to new figures released by the ABS.
In the five years to June 2017 the proportion of the population made up of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders grew by 19 per cent with an increase 128,500 people.
Indigenous Australians now comprise 3.3 per cent of the total population.
ABS Demography Director Beidar Cho said the increase was twice that of the rest of the population.
"This is higher than the 8 per cent increase for the non-Indigenous population over the same period," said Ms Cho in a statement.
"New South Wales was the fastest growing state or territory for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait population with an increase of 27 per cent."
The New South Wales Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population was 265,600 people, followed by Queensland with 221,400 people and Western Australia with 100,500 people.
These states had almost three quarters of the total Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population in Australia. The
The Australian Capital Territory had an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population of just 7500 people.
Australia's total population grew by 389,100 people to reach 24.5 million by the end of March 2017.