Refugees living in Kakuma have fled 13 countries across Africa, predominantly from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Burundi, Ethiopia, Sudan and Somalia.
Kakuma refugee camp was created in 1992 as a result of Sudan’s civil war. However since then instability in surrounding countries has seen people flee their homes and forced to seek refuge in Kakuma.
The camp is managed by the Kenyan government and the Kenyan Department of Refugee Affairs, in conjunction with the UNHCR. Kakuma’s facilitates over 84,000 refugees due to UN divisions like the World Food Program and the UNHCR’s collaboration with non-government organisations like the International Rescue Committee, Red Cross, Lutheran World Federation, Jesuit Refugee Service, National Council of Churches Kenya, Don Bosco and Film Aid International.
Food rations and water supply is tight and the desert environment makes growing crops for food near impossible. With the average temperature at 40 degrees Celsius, Kakuma’s environment is tough with regular dust storms, high temperatures, poisonous spiders, snakes, and scorpions. Malnutrition, communicable disease outbreaks and malaria are all ongoing problems.