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In Clip 5, Catherine, Angry and Peter visit Kabul and experience the living conditions many displaced Afghanis are forced to endure. Half-a-million people are displaced in Afghanistan. Their homes have either been destroyed or they have fled for safety.
Attitudes, Ethics and Citizenship
Afghans have lived with war for more than three decades. What do you think the long-term effects are for both the people and the country?
The living conditions for the Afghans in the clip are like nothing most Australians have ever experienced. Rank each of their living conditions in order from least tolerable to most tolerable. Discuss why you chose this order.
The situation for the young mother interviewed in the camp is desperate. She has three children and her husband is a drug addict. Later in the episode, Catherine recalls the meeting and contemplates the woman’s prospects for a better future. She laments over language like ‘queue jumpers’ and asks the question “Where is her queue?” Write your thoughts on this woman’s situation and outline what would need to happen for her situation to improve.
Democracy, Duty and National Values
For those people living in the makeshift camp in Kabul, their basic needs such as food, water, shelter, sanitation, education and healthcare are not being met. What systems are set up in Australia to ensure that the basic needs of its citizens are provided for? Do these systems always work?
CARE Australia is an Australian charity working in Afghanistan. It focuses on empowering women and girls to bring lasting change to their communities. Read about its program in Afghanistan, identify its goals and how CARE Australia plans to achieve them.
This report, Resettlement Experiences of Afghan Hazara Female Adolescents: A Case Study from Melbourne, Australia in the International Journal of Population Research, discusses the resettlement experiences of Afghan girls and women in Melbourne. Each participant discusses positive experiences and challenges. Outline some of the positive experiences and how the challenges might be overcome.
Human Rights, World Issues and Responsibilities
The UNHCR provides a country profile outlining the conditions, needs and strategies for assisting Afghanistan’s population. Go to the website and read this information. Make a list of 10 needs the UNHCR has identified for Afghan people.
Watch the clip and make note of the living facilities being endured by the Afghan displaced families. Write a 200-word report to describe the physical conditions of their homes, and conclude by commenting on the emotional impact this could have on children growing up in this way.
Analyse this Statistical Snapshot from the UNHCR. Draw a graph to illustrate these figures and then write a statement about the number of IDPs in relation to the other figures.
Watching the clip we learn that millions of Afghani people have been displaced due to armed conflict in their country throughout the past 30 years. The Refugee Council of Australia states:
At the end of 2009, there were 43.3 million people forcibly displaced by persecution and conflict. 27.1 million people were displaced within the boundaries of their own country and nearly one million people were seeking asylum.
Write a 250-word essay to discuss how and why armed conflict creates a global refugee crisis.