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In Clip 1, Hamid meets Peter, Catherine and Angry when they visit him in his home in Dandenong, Victoria. Hamid is from Kabul in Afghanistan. He is a recently resettled refugee who arrived in Australia by boat. In coming to Australia Hamid left behind his whole family including his mum, wife, daughter, brothers and a sister. Hamid is hoping his family will join him in Australia.
Attitudes, Ethics and Citizenship
Despite his harrowing journey to Australia and being separated from his family, Hamid is upbeat and positive about his future. What reasons can you give to account for this?
Push and pull factors are often discussed in the refugee debate. The push factors are the reasons why a person flees their homeland and becomes a refugee. The pull factors are the reasons why a person flees to a certain place in particular. What are the push and pull factors that contributed to Hamid leaving his home to seek asylum in Australia?
Earlier in the clip, Angry Anderson claims that asylum seekers who arrive ‘illegally’ are criminals, despite the fact that the United Nations Refugee Convention makes it clear that it is not illegal to seek asylum. Do you think Angry’s assessment of Hamid is fair?
Democracy, Duty and National Values
Many of Australia’s refugees come from Afghanistan. Using SBS’s Census tool, find out about Australia’s Afghan community and compare it to another community within Australia.
Hamid worked as an interpreter for the Coalition Forces in Afghanistan. He believes he put his life at risk in order to help Australians. Do you believe that Australia has a particular responsibility to those like Hamid who have now become refugees?
The Afghan Australian Development Organisation is one of many programs in Australia empowering communities in Afghanistan. Outline the different projects they operate and how these might contribute to the organisation’s vision of stronger, self-supporting families and communities in Afghanistan.
YOUR GLOBAL COMMUNITY
Human Rights, World Issues and Responsibilities
The United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) lists the top 10 countries of origin for refugees in 2009. Analyse these figures for each country and suggest the main reason why people are fleeing their own country.
- Afghanistan - 2,664,400
- Iraq - 1,428,300
- Somalia - 1,077,000
- Sudan - 500,000
- Democratic Republic of Congo - 491,500
- Burma - 414,600
- Colombia - 395,900
- Vietnam - 337,800
- Eritrea - 252,000
- China - 205,400
The Australian Department of Immigration and Citizenship aims to respond effectively to global humanitarian situations. Go to this website to learn about the visa support that refugees and asylum seekers can apply for. What options are currently available for Irregular Maritime Arrivals (asylum seekers who arrive by boat)?
In this news article the journalist discusses some of the challenges facing refugees who want to be reunited with their family in Australia. Summarise the different views put forward by people quoted in the article.
With the number of boat people attempting to reach Australian shores increasing it is hoped that a regional solution will solve this complex issue. The Refugee Council outlines an Asia-Pacific Regional Refugee Framework. Read this statement and re-write it in your own words.
The development of a regional protection framework will clearly require significant additional commitments from Australia, including financial resources and resettlement places. Australia must demonstrate that its goal is not to shift its responsibilities to its Asian neighbours but that it is prepared to lead by example, both in its modelling of protection-centred asylum policies and in its willingness to put resources into strategies to improve regional refugee protection outcomes. Australia must be prepared to review its current asylum policies and amend policies which, if copied elsewhere, would undermine refugee protection.