The United States officially ended its seven-year combat operations in August 2010, reducing the number of troops to about 49,700. The US and Iraq have agreed that all US military personnel will leave the country by the end of this year.
Iraq is still a very dangerous place. According to the Iraq Body Count website, an average of over 200 people are killed in the country every month.
UNHCR estimates there are over 1.5 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Iraq, as of January last year.
UNHCR says: “the Iraqi refugees who choose to return home are faced with many challenges, including lack of security, of livelihood propects and of social services. Many IDPs, too, live in deplorable conditions, deprived of essential assistance, and with their need for humanitarian support increasing the longer their displacement continues. There are also occasional reports of new displacements, particularly among the minority communities.”