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Zmnako was eventually adopted by an Iranian woman, a widow of the Iran-Iraq war, and already a mother of two, in a city near the Afghanistan border.
At the age of 17 Zmnako lost the only mother he knew. He was statless and had no civil rights in Iran.
Through his continuous efforts, Zmnako's life was turned around as he was reunited with his biological mother at the age of 22 in Halabja, Kurdistan.
He recently spoke at a conference in Belgium at the 100th anniversary of the usage of chemical bomb and he is concerned about the limited efforts of the international community to protect soldiers and civilians from the use of chemical weapons.
Listen to Kurdish report in SBS Radio Kurdish HERE
Listen to the interview in English