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Female foeticide is considered an acute problem in two of the most populous countries in the world, India and China.
According to United Nation’s estimates, the sex ratio at birth (SRB) in China between the years 2005-2010 was 117 males born to 100 females. In the corresponding period in India the ratio was 111 males per 100 females.
These figures have become progressively more skewed over the years. Between 1985 and 1990 the ratio in China was 109 boys for 100 females, while in India, it was 107 males per 100 females (UN estimates).
This is despite the fact that pre-natal diagnostic techniques were banned both in India and China many years ago.
Pre-natal sex determination and pre-implantation sex selection In China were banned in 1989 (CQ Resarcher). India passed the Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act (PNDT) in 1994.
Campaigns against female foeticide
In January 2015 India’s Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, launched the “Save the Girl” campaign to stop the practice of female foeticide.
In June 2015 the hashtag #selfiewithdaughter created in an Indian village, began trending on Twitter, after Prime Minister Modi called for people across the country to join in and share pictures taken with their daughters.
On the local level, China implemented a 5-year plan to combat the practice in 2011 and launched a campaign called "Care for Girls" in 2014.
In India, the campaign "Let Girls Be Born" is one of the biggest efforts to stop the practice of sex selection.