Australians can learn more about the country's Indigenous cultures after the Australian National Dictionary released a new edition on Tuesday containing words such as 'Tjukurpa', meaning 'the Dreaming', which forms a part of Indigenous Australian spiritual beliefs, and 'jarjum' meaning children.
Other Indigenous words include akudjura (a bush tomato), bilma (a clapstick), bunji (a mate), dayang (a heath mouse), gubinge (a kind of plum), jarjum, kumanjayi (a substitute name for a person who has died), migaloo (an Anglo-Saxon person), minga (a tourist), rakali (a water rat), yidaki (a didgeridoo).
Terms derived from Indigenous culture include deadly (great), Invasion Day, secret women's business, songline (a story told by an ancestor) and welcome to country (a ritual to receive newcomers to a tribe's territory).
The words join thousands more that have been added to the national dictionary.
Food and drink
Babychino, battered sav, boston bun, chateau cardboard, chiko roll, chocolate crackle, copha, dagwood dog, Devonshire tea, fairy bread, goon of fortune, kransky, long black, neenish tart, nibblies, short soup, snag, snot block.
Terms for people
Bogan, bronzed Aussie, bush baptist, callithumpian, chardonnay socialist, checkout chick, firie, grey nomad, Mexican, Mrs Kafoops, mungo, pube, ranga, rurosexual, saltwater people, seachanger, sepp, skip, tradie.
The world of politics
aspirational voter, branch stacking, captain's pick, economic rationalism, Hawkespeak, Howard's battlers, keep the bastards honest, micro party, mortgage belt, negative gearing, scrutineer, small-liberal, tent embassy, true believer, two-party preferred, wombat trail.
Phrases and idioms
I don't know if I'm Arthur or Martha; your blood's worth bottling; do a Bradbury; carry on like a pork chop; couldn't run a chook raffle; a cup of tea, a Bex, and a good lie down; dry as a dead dingo's donger; happy as a bastard on father's day; straight to the pool room; it would kill a brown dog; stacks on the mill; he wouldn't know if a tram was up him unless the conductor rang the bell; he wouldn't work in an iron lung.