With sprawling cattle ranches and iconic gaucho (cowboy) imagery, Argentina is beef country. This national food is eaten a variety of ways: stuffed and grilled in matambre fashion; roasted over an open fire asado-style; or minced, spiced and served in crispy empanadas. Argentinian cuisine has a distinct Mediterranean flavour thanks to Spanish colonisation in the 16th century, and later the immigration of Italians during the 1800s. Recipes like fugazetta (onion and cheese pizza) and sweet tomato jam are savoury examples of the Latin influence, while creme caramel, dulce de leche and Argentinian tiramisu sit in the sweet camp. For more information on South American cuisine, check out our food guide here.