More women in China have been encouraged to speak out following the global #MeToo movement.
The head of China's government-run Buddhist association quit his post on Wednesday amid an investigation into allegations that he coerced several nuns into having sex with him.
Xuecheng, a Communist Party member and abbot of the Beijing Longquan Monastery, is one of the most prominent figures to face accusations in China's growing #MeToo movement.
In a 95-page report that circulated online late last month, two monks accused Xuecheng of sending explicit text messages to at least six women, threatening or cajoling them to have sex with him, claiming it was a part of their Buddhist studies.
The same report also claimed the Beijing Longquan Monastery is in financial trouble.
China's top religious authority launched an investigation shortly after the allegations were made public.
Xuecheng, 51, stepped down at a meeting of the Buddhist Association of China on Wednesday.
"The council accepted Xuecheng's resignation as president of the Buddhist Association of China," said a statement posted Wednesday on the association's website.
It was tucked into a long report detailing a council meeting which neither elaborated on the abbot's reasons for quitting nor referred to the recent probe.
The same statement was also posted by the State Administration for Religious Affairs, the government body overseeing religious groups.
His resignation was welcomed by many online, some who called him a "vulture who takes from the poor".
"Sexual assault, if established, is something against the law and should not be protected by politics," one user wrote on the Twitter-like Weibo platform.
The abbot is also a member of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, a top advisory board.
A prominent personality in Chinese Buddhist life with a social media following of millions, Xuecheng's Weibo account has been silent since August 1, when he posted a statement rejecting allegations of sexual misconduct.
In their report, the two monks, who are no longer members of the monastery, said four women gave in to Xuecheng's demands.
One of the authors said on social media that he was compelled to speak out after the victims were ignored by authorities who said they could not investigate the matter.
There is no legal definition of sexual harassment in China and no national regulations on how to handle sexual assault cases in schools and workplaces.
The report and posts about it have been taken down or censored on social media.
Both men were also asked to leave the monastery after news of the report broke.
Located on the outskirts of Beijing, Longquan Monastery has made headlines for combining Buddhism with modern technology, launching last year a two-foot-high robot monk that dispenses mantras and karmic advice.
The #MeToo movement ignited in China earlier this year with more women starting to open up about sexual assaults, especially on university campuses.
Unlike in the West, where #MeToo has forced resignations and sparked widespread public debate, authorities in China have sought to control the discussion, sometimes allowing and at other times censoring social media commentary.