These Italian pastries are truly a combination of passion and skill. This recipe uses flaky pastry fashioned into shells and has a glorious crunch, with a creamy semolina and ricotta filling.






Skill level

Average: 3.2 (355 votes)



  • 500 g plain flour
  • 50 g sugar
  • 6 g salt
  • 200 ml water
  • 150 g lard, softened


  • 900 ml water
  • 130 g sugar, plus 60 g extra 
  • 6 g salt
  • 310 g semolina
  • vegetable oil
  • 1.3 kg fresh ricotta 
  • 2 eggs 
  • 1 orange, rind grated  
  • 1 vanilla bean, seeds scraped
  • 1 tsp ground cinnamon

Cook's notes

Oven temperatures are for conventional; if using fan-forced (convection), reduce the temperature by 20˚C. | We use Australian tablespoons and cups: 1 teaspoon equals 5 ml; 1 tablespoon equals 20 ml; 1 cup equals 250 ml. | All herbs are fresh (unless specified) and cups are lightly packed. | All vegetables are medium size and peeled, unless specified. | All eggs are 55-60 g, unless specified.


Resting time 30 minutes

Chilling time 1 hour

To make the pastry, put the flour, sugar and salt in a bowl and gradually mix in the water with your hands forming a stiff dough. Knead for a few minutes, cover with plastic wrap and leave to rest for about 30 minutes.

Divide the dough into a few pieces (each about the size of a slice of bread) so it is easier to work with. Take the first piece and roll it through a pasta machine on the widest setting. Fold it in three and run it through the machine again. Do this about four times until smooth, then start rolling the pasta out at narrower settings until the sheet is 1 mm thick. Lay the sheet on a work surface and use your fingers to paint with a layer of the lard.

Begin rolling the sheet up from one of the short edges, gently stretching it longer and wider as you do so, until you have formed a cigar. Then roll another piece of dough through the pasta machine, coat it with lard, and roll it up around the first sheet to create a thicker roll. Continue with the rest of the dough until you have formed a large roll. Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 1 hour.

To make the filling, put the water, 130 g of sugar and salt in a saucepan and bring to the boil. Once boiling, gradually add the semolina, stirring. Cook for about 5 minutes, until thick. Remove from the heat, brush the top with a little vegetable oil and place the pan in the refrigerator to cool.

Remove the semolina from the saucepan, cut into small cubes and place in a bowl with the extra sugar. Beat with electric beaters until it breaks up. Add the ricotta and one of the eggs and continue beating until smooth. Add the remaining egg, orange rind, vanilla seeds and cinnamon and beat for another 3 minutes.

Preheat the oven to 180°C. Cut the chilled pastry into 1 cm slices with a serrated knife. Use your fingers to massage a little lard into the cut sides of each slice and gently push out the centre of the spiral, separating the layers to gradually form a pouch or shell. Scoop some ricotta mixture into the centre, filling to the top. Loosely close the shell and lay it on a tray lined with baking paper. Bake for 25–30 minutes, until crisp and golden.