Coming Up Sat 8:00 AM  AEDT
Coming Up Live in 
Live
Italian radio
SLOW ITALIAN, FAST LEARNING

Episode 28: The Not So Livable Melbourne

A supplied image of the Victorian government's design for the 5.3km of tunnel part of the planned $15.8 billion North East Link.

A new report has found inadequate public transport and poor job distribution is making Melbourne unlivable for many people.

SBS Italian news, with a slower pace. This is Slow Italian, Fast Learning, the very best of the week’s news, read at a slower pace, with Italian and English text available.

Italian

Melbourne ha conservato il titolo di Città Più Vivibile al mondo per sette anni, ma un nuovo studio mostra come la seconda città d'Australia abbia parecchio margine di miglioramento.

Ricercatori all'RMIT Centre for Urban Research sostengono che le città vivibili possiedono abitazioni a prezzi accessibili e variegate, collegate da un trasporto pubblico conveniente, da infrastutture che permettano di camminare o andare in bicicletta al lavoro o a scuola, e da spazi pubblici aperti.

Lo studio redatto dall'Healthy Livable Cities Group del centro ha notato che Melbourne non rispetta tutti questi requisiti e che abbia la necessità di creare una cosidetta "città camminabile", dove le persone possano raggiungere facilmente le loro destinazioni senza un'automobile.

L'autrice del rapporto, Billie Giles-Corti, ha dichiarato che l'attuale obiettivo di densità netta della città di 15 abitazioni per ettaro è ben al di sotto del numero ottimale di almeno 25 abitazioni per ettaro di una città camminabile.

La professoressa Giles-Corti sostiene che bisogna riconsiderare le attuali politiche di sviluppo della città.

"The walkable neighbourhood should underpin a livable city, because a livable city should be made up of walkable neighbourhoods, where people can walk, cycle, use public transport. And that is really critical. We're building at too low a density to achieve that."

Lo studio inoltre invita a ridistribuire i posti di lavoro nella città per ridurre i tempi di trasporto, migliorare il traffico e incoraggiare più attività fisica.

Il governo del Victoria si è impegnato, in caso di vittoria alle elezioni, a costruire una linea ferroviaria da 50 miliardi di dollari per collegare i quartieri dell'est con l'aeroporto di Melbourne e la zona ovest.

La professoressa Giles-Corti ha lodato la proposta, sostenendo che potrebbe anche aiutare a creare opportunità di impiego.

"I think that the new connecting outer-suburban rail link that's been proposed has actually got great potential, particularly if those transport hubs, or the train stations, could be made into what we call 'transit-orientated development' so people can live and work in those areas, so that you actually end up with local employment, people using alternatives, not having to get in a car."

Il rapporto inoltre sottolinea la mancanza di un trasporto pubblico adeguato per chi vive nella città e nei dintorni di Melbourne.

Le Victorian Planning Provisions sostengono che il 95 per cento delle abitazioni di Melbourne dovrebbero essere situate entro 400 metri da una fermata del bus, 600 da una del tram o 800 metri da una stazione del treno.

Ma il rapporto ha rivelato che appena il 69 per cento delle abitazioni e il 14 per cento dei quartieri rispetta questi requisiti.

Il portavoce della Public Transport Users Association Daniel Bowen ha dichiarato che anche la regolarità dei servizi è un problema per chi vive al di fuori del centro.

"Unfortunately, at the moment, the benchmark doesn't seem to take into account how often the bus might run from that bus stop. I mean, if there's a bus stop a hundred metres from your house, that's good, but if that bus only runs once an hour and it stops at, say, 8pm and it doesn't run on the weekends, then it's probably not a great option for most people, compared to just jumping in their car. And that's the reality in a lot of these outer suburbs."

Bowen aggiunge che devono essere rese accessibili agli abitanti di Melbourne altre alternative per il trasporto.

"Upgrading walking and cycling facilities, bike lanes and bike paths, better footpaths in some areas which are lacking, to make sure that, I guess, people more often can choose to get around without jumping in their car."

La professoressa Giles-Corti sostiene che la chiave per una città più vivibile è una migliore pianificazione a lungo termine.

Il governo attuale e quelli futuri, ha dichiarato, devono progettare da qui a 50 anni, piuttosto che cercare aggiustamenti nel breve termine.


 

 

English

Melbourne held the title of World's Most Livable City for seven years, but a new report shows Australia's second-largest city still has plenty of room for improvement.

Researchers at the RMIT Centre for Urban Research say livable cities have affordable and diverse housing linked by convenient public transport, walking and cycling infrastructure to employment and education, and public open spaces.

The report from the centre's Healthy Livable Cities Group finds Melbourne is not meeting all those requirements and needs to work to create a so-called "walkable city," where people can easily get where they need to be without a car.

The report's author, Billie Giles-Corti says the city's current net-density target of 15 dwellings per hectare is well below the desired figure of at least 25 dwellings per hectare in a walkable city.

Professor Giles-Corti says the city's current policy needs to be reconsidered.

"The walkable neighbourhood should underpin a livable city, because a livable city should be made up of walkable neighbourhoods, where people can walk, cycle, use public transport. And that is really critical. We're building at too low a density to achieve that."

The report also calls for redistributing employment across the city to reduce commute times, ease traffic congestion and encourage more physical activity.

The Victorian Government says, if it wins re-election, it will build a $50 billion suburban rail line to link the eastern suburbs with Melbourne Airport and the west.

Professor Giles-Corti has commended the proposal and says it could also help provide employment opportunities.

"I think that the new connecting outer-suburban rail link that's been proposed has actually got great potential, particularly if those transport hubs, or the train stations, could be made into what we call 'transit-orientated development' so people can live and work in those areas, so that you actually end up with local employment, people using alternatives, not having to get in a car."

The report also finds a lack of adequate public transport for people living in and around Melbourne.

Victorian Planning Provisions say 95 per cent of Melbourne residences should be within a 400-metre walk of a bus stop, 600 metres of a tram stop or 800 metres of a train station.

But the report has found only 69 per cent of residences and 14 per cent of suburbs in Melbourne meet that target.

Public Transport Users Association spokesman Daniel Bowen says regularity of services is also an issue for those living outside the central business district.

"Unfortunately, at the moment, the benchmark doesn't seem to take into account how often the bus might run from that bus stop. I mean, if there's a bus stop a hundred metres from your house, that's good, but if that bus only runs once an hour and it stops at, say, 8pm and it doesn't run on the weekends, then it's probably not a great option for most people, compared to just jumping in their car. And that's the reality in a lot of these outer suburbs."

Mr Bowen says other transport alternatives also need to be made more accessible to Melburnians.

"Upgrading walking and cycling facilities, bike lanes and bike paths, better footpaths in some areas which are lacking, to make sure that, I guess, people more often can choose to get around without jumping in their car."

Professor Giles-Corti says the key to a more livable city is better long-term planning.

She says the current government and future governments need to plan for 50 years from now, rather than just look for short-term fixes.

Report by Tara Cosoleto

For other Italian stories and articles, follow us on Facebook.

Coming up next

# TITLE RELEASED TIME MORE
Episode 28: The Not So Livable Melbourne 13/09/2018 07:07 ...
Episode 86: New Zealand Wants to Revive Maori Language 21/11/2019 04:45 ...
Episode 85: Hundreds of Koala Decimated by Australian Bush Fires 14/11/2019 04:47 ...
Episode 84: Controversy and Elation at the Melbourne Cup 07/11/2019 04:55 ...
Episode 83: The Origin of Modern Humans 31/10/2019 04:17 ...
Episode 82: The Papuan New Guinean Inspiration for Pippi Longstocking 24/10/2019 06:21 ...
Episode 81: The Gold Coast Wants to Become Regional 17/10/2019 07:17 ...
Episode 80: Outrage Over Tourists Climbing Uluru 10/10/2019 04:51 ...
Episode 79 - Pension and Superannuation Review 02/10/2019 04:38 ...
Episode 78 - Workplace stress blamed as Australians opt for takeaway meals 26/09/2019 04:54 ...
View More