SBS 한국어 프로그램

미니팟: 숨쉬기(breathing)와 관련된 다양한 동사 알기

SBS 한국어 프로그램

View over Hobart from Mount Wellington

Man stretches his arms out as he looks out over the view over Hobart from Mount Wellington. Source: Getty Images/Moment RF


Published 18 June 2022 at 5:59pm
Presented by Sophia Hong
Source: SBS

이번 미니팟에서는 숨쉬기(breathing)와 관련된 동사들 연습해 봅니다.


Published 18 June 2022 at 5:59pm
Presented by Sophia Hong
Source: SBS


이 수업은 중급 학습자에게 적합합니다. 팟캐스트를 들으신 후, 학습 내용을 테스트하기 위해 를 풀어보세요.


학습 노트

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동사(Verbs):  

  • Inhaling – 숨을 들이마시는 것
  • Exhaling – 숨을 내쉬는 것
  • Panting – 숨을 크고 무겁게 들이마시고 내쉬는 것
  • Sniffing – 냄새를 맡기 위해 킁킁대며 공기를 코로 마시는 것
  • Snorting – 빠르고 시끄럽게 코로 숨을 컹컹대며 마시는 것
  • Snoring – 수면 중 매우 시끄럽게 코를 코는 것
  • Yawning– 하품하는 것

구어체 표현:   

  • A breath of fresh air – 새롭게 환기시켜줄 수 있는 어떤 것
  • Wasting your breath - 상대방이 얘기에 주의를 기울이지 않고 있거나 얘기를 해도 소용없을 때
  • Short of breath – 제대로 숨쉬기 어려움
  • To catch your breath 호흡을 다시 제대로 고르게 하기 위해 멈추거나 속도를 늦추는 것
  • To sniff out – 무슨 일이 벌어지고 있는 것인지 알아채는 것
  • Takes your breath away – 엄청나게 신나고, 아름답거나 놀라운 것
  • Hold your breath – 재밌는 것을 기대하며 기다리는 것
  • Speak under your breath– 조용조용히 말하는 것

Transcript

Hi, you are listening to the SBS Learn English podcast, where we help Australians to speak, understand and connect.

In this mini pod series, we are talking about verbs related to our bodies and in this episode, we’ll be talking about breathing.

And where better to explore verbs and phrases related to breathing but to a place widely known for having the cleanest air in the world.

Tasmania! Can you feel it? The nose, the mouth, the windpipe and the lungs, these are all part of the human airway. 

The medical word for when we breathe in is inhaling, and for when we breathe out it's exhaling. If I am sounding very smart it's what this fresh air does for my brains.

Seriously, fresh air is so important that we even use the phrase a breath of fresh air in our everyday language to describe something that is refreshing or new. For example: “After a day answering difficult questions in the office, chatting to Sue was like a breath of fresh air.”

breath is a noun. It’s a thing. It’s the air we breathe out after it has been in the lungs. And if you take a piece of glass and blow you can see it, too.

To breathe, now that's a verb, that is, it describes what we do. When we breathe in, we take air into our body; when we breathe out, we push air out again.

Let's summarize this part. Breath is the thing we breathe out- breathe is what we do every day to bring air into and push air out of our body. Breath is a noun - breathe is a verb.

When we hear people complain about something that no one will listen to or help with, we say they're wasting their breath. For example, “I know you won’t come to the market with me, so I won’t waste my breath asking.

As I talk a lot while hiking through this beautiful Tasmanian bush, you can hear me panting.

Panting means to breathe in and out in a loud and heavy way. We tend to do this when we have to work very hard and need to take in more oxygen than usual.

Hey, I'd better keep my sentences shorter 'cause I’m getting short of breath. I need to stop and catch my breath, or I’ll need a doctor.

To catch your breath means to stop or slow down, so that you can start breathing normally again. But we also use it when we’re not really talking about breathing at all but just that we need to take a break.

If you like medical dramas on TV, or if you read a lot of news, you'll often see the word respiratory. That's a word we use to describe everything related to breathing.

So, a disease of the lungs is a respiratory disease: if you can’t breathe we might call that respiratory failure. The formal phrase for the human airway we talked about earlier is respiratory system.

I probably sounded a bit serious talking about these respiratory things. Oh, hello there, buddy! A rabbit came to have a look at what’s going on, to sniff out what's going on. I mean it is literally sniffing me. "Hi, pal!"

It's a very friendly fellow. Anyhow, to sniff means to breathe in through your nose quickly or noisily, usually because you want to smell something. But you can use the phrase sniffing out to mean to find out what's going on, not necessarily using your nose.

A horse just came, too, which is no wonder since there are plenty of horse-riding spots in Tasmania. Maybe he's having a day off.

The sound you just heard is snorting. That’s the sound made when we (or an animal) forces air quickly and noisily down or up our nose.

Sometimes people who are annoyed with something or someone might snort too. You can also snort with laughter if you think that something is very funny and you laugh in a noisy way. I happen to have sugar cubes - here it is, mate! I think I'm starting to make friends here.

A verb similar to snorting is snoring. It means to breathe in a very noisy way while you are sleeping. 

Our audience, the rabbit, yawned. Yawning is to open the mouth wide and take a lot of air into the lungs and slowly send it out. We usually do this, when we are tired or bored.  Ah, now I’m doing it, too. I must keep on, or I'll fall asleep.

After I said goodbye to my animal friends, I've came to Dove Lake and it's true what they say: everything here is breathtaking. Breathtaking means extremely exciting and beautiful.

Or if somebody or something really surprises you, you can say that it takes my breath away. You can say: “My daughter looked so beautiful in her new dress that it took my breath away.

For the last part of my short Tasmania trip, I've decided to present you - hold your breath - that means wait and expect something exciting, Tasmania's hidden gem...

The Allport Library and Museum of Fine Arts! Trust me, it is exciting! These books, tools, maps and their secrets from centuries long ago just call you to study them.

And while I'm entering the museum, I have to speak under my breath. That means to speak quietly so that I don't disturb other visitors. Or perhaps I'll just go completely silent to feel the
 magic of Tasmania's history.




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