Middle East

Australia 'welcomes' territorial defeat of IS but warns it's not the end of the fight

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The Australian government says it welcomes the announcement by the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces of the territorial defeat of IS, ending their five-year hold on the country.

The Australian government welcomed the territorial defeat of IS, saying it has been achieved through "the tremendous courage". 

A joint statement by Prime Minister Scott Morrison, Foreign Affairs Minister Marise Payne and Defence Minister Christopher Pyne praised the efforts by "Iraqi Security Forces and Syrian Democratic Forces, who have operated with Coalition backing".

"Civilians in Syria and Iraq have displayed incredible resilience to overcome the brutality of Da’esh occupation."

However, the government warned that despite the significance of the milestone, "it does not represent the end of the fight against Da’esh nor the extremism it embodies".

"Da’esh continues to pose a security threat in the Middle East region and beyond, including through the propagation of its extreme ideology," the statement said.

Grab from video posted by Aamaq News Agency on March 18
The US and coalition forces have waged a five-year campaign against Islamic State in Syria. (AAP)
Supplied

In the US, President Donald Trump hailed the end of the Islamic State group's "caliphate" Saturday, vowing that the United States would remain "vigilant" against the diehard jihadists.

Fighters of the US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces' victory over the remote riverside village of Baghouz where IS made its last stand capped a deadly six-month operation against the final remnants of IS-controlled territory once stretched across a vast swathe of Iraq and Syria with seven million people in its sway.

"We will remain vigilant... until it is finally defeated wherever it operates," Trump said in a statement.

The SDF has been battling to capture Baghouz at the Iraqi border for weeks.

Though the defeat of Islamic State at Baghouz ends the group’s grip over the jihadist quasi-state straddling Syria and Iraq that it declared in 2014, it remains a threat.

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Evacuation trucks leave last IS held area in Syria
Evacuation trucks leave last IS held area in Syria

Some of its fighters still hold out in Syria’s remote central desert and in Iraqi cities they have slipped into the shadows, staging sudden shootings or kidnappings and awaiting a chance to rise again.

The United States believes the group’s leader, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, is in Iraq. He stood at the pulpit of the great medieval mosque in Mosul in 2014 to declare himself caliph, sovereign over all Muslims.

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IS 'caliphate' totally eliminated: Syrian Democratic Forces
IS 'caliphate' totally eliminated: Syrian Democratic Forces

Further afield, jihadists in Afghanistan, Nigeria and elsewhere have shown no sign of recanting their allegiance to Islamic State, and intelligence services say its devotees in the West might plot new attacks.

The Syrian ambassador to the United Nations, Bashar Ja’afari, said on Friday Islamic State was not yet finished in Syria, adding that it was the Damascus government backed by Russia and Iran that was genuinely battling it, not the United States.

Still, the fall of Baghouz is a big milestone in a fight against the jihadist group waged by numerous local and global forces - some of them sworn enemies - over more than four years.

It also marks a big moment in Syria’s eight-year war, wiping out the territory of one of the main contestants, with the rest split between President Bashar al-Assad, Turkey-backed rebels and the Kurdish-led SDF.

Assad and his Iranian allies have sworn to recapture all Syria, and Turkey has threatened to drive out the SDF, which it sees as a terrorist group, by force. The continued presence of U.S. troops in northeast Syria might avert this.

Grisly rule

Islamic State originated as an al Qaeda faction in Iraq, but it took advantage of Syria’s civil war to seize land there and split from the global jihadist organization.

In 2014, it suddenly grabbed Iraq’s Mosul, one of the region’s great historic cities, as well as Syria’s Raqqa, and swathes of land each side of the border.

It declared an end to modern countries and called on supporters to leave their homes and join the jihadist utopia it claimed to be erecting, trumpeting its currency, flag, passports and military parades.

Oil production, extortion and antiquities smuggling financed its agenda, which included the slaughter of some minorities, public slave auctions of captured women, grotesque punishments for minor crimes and the choreographed killing of hostages.

Those excesses brought an array of forces against it, forcing it from Mosul and Raqqa in a year of heavy defeats in 2017 and driving it, eventually, down the Euphrates to Baghouz.

Over the past two months some 60,000 people poured out of that dwindling enclave, fleeing SDF bombardment and a shortage of food so severe that some said they were reduced to cooking grass.

A mass grave the SDF discovered there last month showed there were other dangers in the enclave, though it has released no details on the identities of the victims or how they died.

Civilians made up more than half the people leaving Baghouz, the SDF said, including Islamic State victims such as women from the Iraqi Yazidi sect whom the jihadists had sexually enslaved.

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Civilians flee as air strikes on an IS holdout in Syria
Civilians flee as air strikes on an IS holdout in Syria

Thousands of the group’s unbending supporters also abandoned the enclave while still vowing their allegiance to a ruined caliphate and showing no remorse for its victims.

At displacement camps in northeast Syria where they were sent by the SDF, the hardliners, including many foreign women who came to Syria and Iraq to marry jihadists, had to be kept away from other, often traumatized, residents.

Their fate has befuddled foreign governments, who see them as a security threat and are loath to accede to SDF entreaties to take them back home.

Defeat

As the fighting progressed in recent weeks, the convoys of trucks from Baghouz started to include hundreds, and then thousands, of surrendering jihadist fighters, many hobbling from their wounds.

The SDF said it captured hundreds more in recent weeks who tried to slip through its cordon and escape into Iraq or across the Euphrates and into the Syrian desert.

At the end, they were besieged in a tiny camp full of rusting vehicles and makeshift shelters, pinned against the Euphrates and overlooked by hills held by the SDF.

Islamic State released video from inside that miserable, shell-pounded enclave, showing its last fighters still shooting at the SDF as smoke billowed overhead.

It was an attempt to shape the narrative of its defeat, portraying it as a heroic last stand against overwhelming odds and a call to arms for future jihadists.

But the footage shown by the SDF in recent weeks was of long lines of abject, surrendering fighters, sitting or squatting in a desolate landscape, their dreams dashed.

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