Mourners gathered at Nairobi's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport as the victims' identities started to emerge.
- The 157 victims include 32 Kenyans, 18 Canadians, eight Americans and seven British nationals
- The Boeing 737 model has only been in commercial use since 2017 and was involved in a plane crash last year
- A probe will be conducted by Ethiopian and American investigators
A Nairobi-bound Boeing 737 crashed six minutes after an early-morning takeoff from Addis Ababa Sunday, killing all eight crew and 149 passengers on board, including tourists, business travellers, and at least one delegate to a UN meeting.
It is the second aviation incident involving the new Boeing 737 MAX-8 model, coming six months after the same model crashed 13 minutes after take off from Jakarta.
One hundred and eighty-nine people were on board Flight JT 610 flown by Indonesian airline Lion Air.
Ethiopian and American investigators will probe the crash. The airline says the experienced pilot had been given clearance to turn the plane around after encountering difficulties.
Amid a global stream of condolences, many gathered in tears at Nairobi's Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA), as the victims' identities started to emerge.
"The group CEO who is at the scene right now deeply regrets to confirm there are no survivors," the airline tweeted alongside a picture of Tewolde GebreMariam in a suit holding a piece of debris inside a large crater.
Flight ET 302 crashed near the town of Bishoftu, 62 kilometres southeast of the capital Addis Ababa, the airline said, adding that the plane was a Boeing 737-800 MAX, registration number ET-AVJ.
That model number does not exist however and multiple aviation websites have later identified the plane as a new 737 MAX-8.
Passengers from 35 countries
Ethiopian Airlines said Kenya had the largest number of casualties with 32, followed by Canada with 18, Ethiopia nine, then Italy, China, and the United States with eight each.
Britain and France each had seven people on board, Egypt six, and Germany five.
Twelve countries in Africa and 14 in Europe had citizens among the victims.
"It is with deep sorrow that I announce that my dear wife, Blanka, son Martin and daughter Michala, died in the air disaster in Addis Ababa this morning," Slovak MP Anton Hrnko wrote on Facebook.
There were 35 nationalities among the victims, including Kenyan, Canadian, Ethiopian, Chinese, Italian, American, French, British, Egyptian, German, Indian, Slovakian, Austrian, Russian, Swedish, Spanish, Israeli, Moroccan, Polish, Belgian, Djibouti, Indonesian, Irish, Mozambican, Norwegian, Rwandan, Saudi Arabian, Sudanese, Somalian, Serbian, Togolese, Ugandan, Yemeni, Nepalese and Nigerian.
Swedish CEO and father-of-three Jonathan Seex is also among four Swedes who died in the crash.
The hospitality company Tamarind Group said it mourned the death of Mr Seex, their CEO.
"It is with immense shock and grief to inform you of the tragic news that Tamarind CEO, Jonathan Seex, was on the ill-fated Ethiopian Airlines flight," the company, which owns and operates several restaurants in Africa, said on Facebook.
Sweden's Ministry for Foreign Affairs confirmed the death of four nationals in a statement.
No Australians were listed among the passengers at this time.
In a statement, Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade said: "Our Embassy in Addis Ababa continues to make urgent inquiries of local authorities in Ethiopia."
Foreign governments said tourists, business people, doctors, and a Kenyan football official were among the dead.
UN Secretary-General 'deeply saddened' over deaths
The United Nations had several staff members on board the plane, with the body seeking to confirm the exact number.
Earlier, a UN source said "it is expected that a least a dozen of the victims were affiliated with the UN". The same source said freelance interpreters traveling to a UN conference on the environment might also be among the dead.
In a statement, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said he was "deeply saddened at the tragic loss of lives."
"He conveys his heartfelt sympathies and solidarity to the victims' families and loved ones, including those of United Nations staff members, as well as sincere condolences to the government and people of Ethiopia," the statement said.
"The United Nations is in contact with the Ethiopian authorities and working closely with them to establish the details of United Nations personnel who lost their lives in this tragedy."
UNEP acting head Joyce Msuya said in a message to staff that at least one staff member of the UN Environment Programme meeting in Nairobi is unaccounted for.
The UN's World Food Programme executive director David Beasley confirmed seven members of from his agency had died in the crash.
Holding out hope
Ethiopian Airlines said the plane had taken off at 8:38 am (0538 GMT) from Bole International Airport and "lost contact" six minutes later.
It came down near Tulu Fara village outside the town of Bishoftu.
The carrier, which changed its logo on Twitter to black and white from its trademark green, yellow, and red, said "there are no survivors".
"We can only hope that she is not on that flight," Peter Kimani, who had come to fetch his sister at Nairobi's JKIA, told AFP after news of the disaster reached those waiting in the arrivals hall.Loved ones were later brought to the onsite Sheraton Hotel where they were debriefed and offered counselling. Journalists were not allowed in, but could hear sobbing from inside.
For one family member waiting in Nairobi there was a happy ending.
Khalid Ali Abdulrahman was waiting for his son who works in Dubai and feared the worst when a security official told him the plane had crashed.
"I was shocked, but shortly after, my son contacted me and told me he is still in Addis and did not board that flight, he is waiting for the second one which has been delayed."
Ethiopia declares day of mourning
Ethiopia's parliament declared Monday a day of national mourning after a Nairobi-bound Ethiopian Airlines plane crashed, killing all 157 people onboard.
"The House of People's Representatives have declared March 11, 2019, a national day of mourning for citizens of all countries that have passed in this tragic accident," the office of Ethiopia's Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said on Twitter on Sunday.
African Union commission chief Moussa Faki Mahamat spoke of "utter shock and immense sadness", while Mahboub Maalim, executive secretary of the IGAD East African bloc, said the region and the world were in mourning.
"I cannot seem to find words comforting enough to the families and friends of those who might have lost their lives in this tragedy," Maalim said in a statement.
Sympathy messages also came from the governments of Kenya, Uganda, Britain and Germany.
Ethiopian Airlines said it would send staff to the accident scene to "do everything possible to assist the emergency services."
It would also set up a passenger information centre and a dedicated telephone number for family and friends of people who may have been on the flight.
Trudeau calls Ethiopia crash 'devastating'
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau deplored the "devastating news" that 18 Canadian nationals were among the 157 people killed in the crash.
"Devastating news from Ethiopia this morning," Trudeau said on Twitter. "Our thoughts are with all the victims on Flight ET302, including the Canadians who were on board."
Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland said the Ottawa government was in "close contact" with Ethiopian authorities to gather more information.
"Canadian consular officials were immediately deployed to Addis Ababa Bole International Airport today" to work with Ethiopian agencies to determine the facts and "provide the most effective support to Canadian families at this difficult time," she said in a statement.
Witness sees plane crash
A witness told AFP the plane came down in flames.
"The plane was already on fire when it crashed to the ground. The crash caused a big explosion," Tegegn Dechasa recounted at the site, littered with passenger belongings, human remains, and airplane parts around a massive crater at the point of impact.
"I was near the river near the crash site. Shortly after the crash police and a fire crew from a nearby air force camp came and extinguished the plane’s flames on the ground," Dechasa said.
"The plane was in flames in its rear side shortly before the crash. The plane was swerving erratically before the crash."
Second crash of brand new Boeing 737 model in six months
The Boeing 737-800MAX was brand new, delivered to state-owned Ethiopian Airways on November 15, said the carrier, Africa's largest.
The plane is the same type as the Indonesian Lion Air jet that crashed last October, 13 minutes after takeoff from Jakarta, killing all 189 people on board.
There is no indication that a technical problem was to blame for the crash of the Boeing 737-800 MAX operated by Ethiopian Airlines on Sunday which crashed minutes after taking off from Addis Ababa bound for Nairobi.
Virgin Australia has confirmed they have an order for 30 737 MAX-8 planes in place, expected to arrive later this year.
A spokesman told SBS News it was too early to comment on whether the Ethiopian Airlines crash would impact the order.
GebreMariam said the plane had flown in from Johannesburg earlier Sunday, spent three hours in Addis and was "despatched with no remark", meaning no problems were flagged.
Asked if the pilot had made a distress call, the CEO said "the pilot mentioned that he had difficulties and he wants to return. He was given clearance to turn around.
The senior captain, Yared Getachew, had some 8,000 flight hours under his belt.
Flight tracking website Flightradar24 noted the plane encountered difficulties within minutes of taking off.
Ethiopian and American investigators will probe the crash, said GebreMariam.
Boeing said in a statement that it is "deeply saddened" by the deaths, adding that it will be sending a team to the crash site to provide technical assistance.
The last major accident involving an Ethiopian Airlines passenger plane was a Boeing 737-800 that exploded after taking off from Lebanon in 2010, killing 83 passengers and seven crew.