Debunking the myths on just how much teachers are getting paid.
Getting teacher pay right is crucial to attracting the best and brightest to the classroom, so it’s important to debunk a few myths.
How to measure a teacher’s pay
We should not fall into the trap of comparing Australia’s teacher salaries to other countries using dollar amounts, even after taking account of the cost of living. Australia is a rich country. Our incomes are relatively high, and our education system is competing with other industries to attract the best talent.
Chart one compares teachers’ pay with the pay of similar-aged professionals in Australia. Chart two shows how those numbers compare to other countries.
But average pay is not the only factor, so Chart three looks at what opportunity there is for Australian teachers to earn a very high income.
Young teachers are paid well, but expertise is not rewarded
The starting full-time salary for a classroom teacher in most Australian states is between $65,000 and $70,000, based on every enterprise bargaining agreement (EBA) we examined.
That’s reasonably competitive with the starting salary of a graduate with an engineering, commerce, or law degree, and has been improving over the past 15 years.
Includes people who studied a teaching degree but now work as principals. ‘No degree’ includes all levels of education below bachelor. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2016 Census) Grattan Institute, Author provided
The trouble is that teacher pay doesn’t rise much with age or expertise. The pay scale for a classroom teacher stops rising after about nine years, while the incomes of their university educated peers in other professions keep rising well into their 30s and 40s.
It’s not like this in every country. Other countries reward teacher expertise with higher pay relative to other professionals. So while Australia’s pay for young secondary teachers is in the top half of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, Australia’s pay for older secondary teachers is in the bottom half.
Most countries’ figures are from 2016 but some are from 2015. Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) report, Education at a Glance (2018). Grattan Institute, Author provided
Any high-income Australian teachers?
People with a teaching degree in Australia have almost no chance of earning a very high income.
More than a third of engineering or commerce graduates in their 40s working full-time earn more than $3,000 a week ($156,000 a year).
But for graduates with a teaching degree, that figure is only 2.3 per cent. As Chart 3 shows, if you want to earn a really high income in Australia, you’re often better off having no degree than having a bachelor degree in teaching.
Includes people whose work is unrelated to their degree. $156,000 is chosen because it is the highest income bracket in the Census. Doctors are much more likely to earn more than $156,000, but ‘medical studies’ also includes some other degrees. Source: Australian Bureau of Statistics (2016 Census). Grattan Institute, Author provided
Teacher pay matters. Most young people who did well at school are interested in becoming a teacher – but most of them are turned off by the big financial sacrifices teaching involves.
A Grattan Institute survey of almost 1,000 young high achievers (aged 18-25 and with an ATAR of 80 or higher) found about 70 per cent said they would be willing to give teaching a go.
But university enrolment data show that only about 3 per cent of high achievers actually choose teaching for their undergraduate studies.
Our new report, Attracting high achievers to teaching, proposes a $1.6 billion-a-year reform package for government schools to double the number of high-achieving young people who choose to become teachers within a decade.
The package includes $10,000-a-year scholarships for high achievers who take up teaching, and new career paths for expert teachers with pay of up to $180,000 a year. That’s about $80,000 more than the current highest standard pay rate for teachers in Australia.
If governments were to implement our blueprint, it would send a strong message to Australia’s best and brightest – if you want a challenging career where expertise is celebrated and paid accordingly, choose teaching.
Jonathan Nolan is an associate at Grattan Institute.
Julie Sonnemann is a fellow at Grattan Institute.