Environmentalists say the koala population in NSW has been diminished by heatwave, drought and land clearing to numbers between 15,000 and 20,000.
The NSW government is ignoring expert advice from one of its departments which found only 0.2 per cent of actual koala habitats are included in the reserves earmarked by government.
The information is contained in documents obtained under freedom of information laws by the North Coast Environment Council and the National Parks Association.
Released on Save the Koala Day, the documents outline the government’s proposed koala reserves and show they fail to overlap with the location of koala populations.
Senior ecologist with the National Parks Association of NSW, Dr Oisín Sweeney, said the findings are distressing.
“This analysis shows that unless the government starts taking koala protection seriously, we’re going to see the large-scale wipe-out of koala colonies in NSW,” he said.
“The government’s strategy has reserves with no koalas. That’s not going to work. To protect koalas, we need to protect where they live, as well as protecting habitat to connect the colonies."
Request for federal intervention
The data shows that of the koala population in the state’s north east, the majority – two thirds – are on private land, one-seventh reside in national parks, and a fifth live in state forests.
Dr Sweeney said developing a Great Koala National Park is of the highest priority considering that about 56 per cent of the koala population in the state’s north east would be covered under the plan.
“We’ll also be writing to the federal Environment Minister, Melissa Price, to draw her attention to the cumulative impacts on koalas from land clearing, logging and urban development and urge her to use her power under federal law to intervene to save koalas in NSW.”
The documents also show that only 14 per cent of the state’s koala habitats are protected.
Logging, land clearing and development put 86 per cent of koala habitats at risk, located as they are on private land and state forests.
Extinction by mid-century
The Australian Reptile Park, on the NSW Central Coast, said it has been doing its part with its koala conservation breeding program, but much more needs to be done to respond to the “worst mammal extinction rate on the planet”.
The park has had its most successful koala breeding season this year, with the birth of 11 joeys.
Australian Reptile Park general manager Tim Faulkner said the state’s koala population has declined by a third in the past 20 years.
“If something drastic is not done, they are on a current trajectory to be extinct by 2050. The Australian public needs to realise that one day there will be a wild Australia without koalas, because that’s where we’re headed.”
Brisbane environmental scientist Chrissy Joester has dedicated the whole month to raising awareness about koalas, including facts such as koalas like to change trees daily and have a heightened sense of smell.
Land clearing threat
The World Wildlife Fund estimates koalas face extinction in NSW by 2050 due to land clearing.
In a report released earlier this month, the WWF used satellite imagery to show bulldozing rates of koala habitats have tripled since August 2017 when the state’s Native Vegetation Act was repealed.
“WWF-Australia estimates there are likely less than 20,000 koalas left in NSW and at the current rate, they are on track to be extinct in the state by as early as 2050,” WWF-Australia conservationist Stuart Blanch said.
“We have to stop this excessive tree-clearing if we want to keep koalas alive in the wild for future generations.”
NSW government defends Koala Strategy
The state’s Environment Minister Gabrielle Upton defended the government’s policy, saying 20,000 hectares of state forest have been marked a koala reserves.
She introduced a bill to the state's parliament on Thursday to transfer more than 4500 hectares of state forest to the national park estate.