Three hours later, at 6pm, the website showed the places with the top ten highest temperatures recorded globally over the previous 24 hours were all in Australia.
Source: World Weather Today
Penrith’s temperature also set a new record for the Sydney basin, beating the previous mark of 47.8 degrees in Richmond in 1939.
Canberra also broke records as the mercury climbed to 43.6 degrees on Saturday afternoon.
The previous Canberra record was 42.8 degrees at the now-closed Acton observation site in 1939.
ACT Chief Minister Andrew Barr said there were no fires burning in the territory, but the impact of blazes across the border was being felt.
"For Canberrans who are experiencing this day, obviously it is uncomfortable, and I know there is a lot of anxiety in the community, particularly as they see what is unfolding in surrounding New South Wales," he said.
The nation's capital has been choked with smoke from bushfires for days, with the hazardous air pollution forcing shops and attractions to close.
Conditions across Sydney and southern New South Wales were expected to worsen through Saturday evening, with a cool change expected to hamper firefighting efforts.
The southerly change was expected to reach inner Sydney at 11pm, then the Blue Mountains by midnight.
A cool easterly change was expected in Canberra at around 10pm.
Additional reporting by AAP.