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Episodio #45: Cittadinanza e Australia Day

Australian citizenship recipients and their guests attend a citizenship ceremony on Australia Day in Brisbane, Thursday, Jan. 26, 2017. Source: AAP

Il governo federale ha deciso di costringere i consigli comunali a svolgere le cerimonie di cittadinanza il 26 di gennaio.

SBS Italian news, with a slower pace. This is Slow Italian, Fast Learning, the very best of the week’s news, read at a slower pace, with Italian and English text available.

Italian

Il leader laburista Bill Shorten ha accusato il governo federale di utilizzare Australia Day come terreno di scontro politico.

L'attacco giunge dopo che il governo Morrison ha rivisto le norme sulla cittadinanza, costringendo ogni comune a organizzare le cerimonie durante Australia Day.

Le nuove norme entreranno in vigore non prima del 2020. Il ministro dell'immigrazione David Coleman ha dichiarato che tutti i nuovi cittadini dovrebbero avere l'opportunità di diventare australiani nel corso di Australia Day. 

"Now at the moment, that is not the case because more than 100 councils around Australia who have people ready to become citizens don't hold citizenship ceremonies on Australia Day. So that people who live in those places don't get the chance to become an Australian on Australia Day."

Ma il leader dell'Opposizione Bill Shorten ha accusato la Coalizione di cercare di placare gli elettori conservatori.

"I think we all know what's happening. It's a couple of weeks before Australia Day. In January, it's a bit of slow news, the government is trying to play a bit of politics. it's what the conservatives do to keep their base happy. Talk about this. There are 537 councils in Australia. About 530 of them already have citizenship ceremonies on Australia Day."

Più di 100 comuni non svolgono le cerimonie di cittadinanza il 26 gennaio, alcuni di loro adducendo come giustificazione il caldo.

Altri invece ritengono che sia importante scegliere un'altra data, a causa del dolore che potrebbe provocare nella comunità indigena.

Il gruppo principale che rappresenta i governi locali e i comuni ritiene che insistere nell'organizzare tutte le cerimonie durante Australia Day sia strano.

Il presidente dell’Australian Local Government Association, David O'Loughlin, ritiene che collegare le cerimonie di cittadinanza ad Australia Day sia bizzarro.

"If you want to reinforce Australia Day for being the best for Australia, why wouldn't you start by having all the awards for Australia Day announced on the day? Even the federal government's 'Australian Of The Year' award is announced on the night before. And all the states and territories, their governors arrange their awards to be in the weeks leading up to Australia Day."

Il comune di Yarra si era visto revocare il diritto di condurre cerimonie di cittadinanza dopo che un voto del consiglio comunale aveva deciso di non tenerle nel corso di Australia Day.

La sindaca Danae Bosler ha incoraggiato altri comuni ad iniziare un dibattito sul tema.

"I definitely don't seek to provide advice to fellow councils and councillors about how to do it or what to do. All I would say is go forth, consult with your community. Consult with your local Indigenous elders and make a decision that's right for your community."

Il co-presidente di Reconciliation Australia Tom Calma è concorde nel ritenere che il tema debba essere discusso.

"I think that is is important that we start the conversation. And really talk about what the 26th of January really means to all Australians. What needs to be celebrated on that day."

Ma il primo ministro Scott Morrison ritiene che i comuni stiano solo cercando scuse per non festeggiare la giornata nazionale.

"Australia Day, of all days, in a country that is the most successful migrant country on earth, should be a day that you should have the opportunity to be provided with your citizenship. If councils don't want to do that, if some councils as we've seen want to play games, well, you don't have to run citizenship ceremonies, other arrangements can be made. We're not going to cop people undermining Australia's national day. It's for all Australians. All Australians."

Murray Austin, un uomo della nazione Yorta Yorta, ha dichiarato che gli australiani devono mostrare unità durante Australia Day.

"It's a past thing that happened. It's all been done. We all just come together. Accept us as a community and people can support, we can all support each other sort of thing, you know?"

Secondo le nuove regole, i comuni devono organizzare una seconda cerimonia il 17 settembre, Australian Citizenship Day.

Verrà inoltre introdotto un codice d'abbigliamento e saranno vietati pantaloncini e infradito.

L’opinione pubblica ha accolto le novità in maniera contrastante.

"I think it would kind of ruffle some feathers only because the whole suit and tie look is quite colonial in some peoples' eyes and especially, you know, we're celebrating other peoples' cultures at these citizenship ceremonies."

"I mean I think that's okay. I mean, we've got a dress code to go to the pub on a Friday. I think it shows a bit of respect."

L’abbigliamento nazionale e abiti indossati per ragioni culturali saranno ancora accettati.

English

Labor leader Bill Shorten has accused the federal government of playing politics with Australia Day.

It comes as the Morrison government has revised the citizenship code, forcing every council to hold citizenship ceremonies on Australia Day.

The new code will not be enforced until 2020.

Immigration Minister David Coleman says all new citizens should have the opportunity to become an Australian on Australia Day.    

"Now at the moment, that is not the case because more than 100 councils around Australia who have people ready to become citizens don't hold citizenship ceremonies on Australia Day. So that people who live in those places don't get the chance to become an Australian on Australia Day."

But Opposition leader Bill Shorten says the Coalition is trying to appease conservative voters.

"I think we all know what's happening. It's a couple of weeks before Australia Day. In January, it's a bit of slow news, the government is trying to play a bit of politics. it's what the conservatives do to keep their base happy. Talk about this. There are 537 councils in Australia. About 530 of them already have citizenship ceremonies on Australia Day."

Over 100 councils don't hold their citizenship ceremonies on January 26th, with some citing the heat.

Others believe it is important to choose another day because of the pain it may cause the Indigenous community.

The main group representing local government and councils says insisting on ceremonies being held on Australia Day is odd.

Australian Local Government Association President David O'Loughlin believes the link between Australia Day and citizenship ceremonies is bizarre.

"If you want to reinforce Australia Day for being the best for Australia, why wouldn't you start by having all the awards for Australia Day announced on the day? Even the federal government's 'Australian Of The Year' award is announced on the night before. And all the states and territories, their governors arrange their awards to be in the weeks leading up to Australia Day."

The City of Yarra was stripped of its right to hold citizenship ceremony's after councillors voted not to host them on Australia Day.

Mayor Danae Bosler has encouraged councils to initiate conversation on the issue.

"I definitely don't seek to provide advice to fellow councils and councillors about how to do it or what to do. All I would say is go forth, consult with your community. Consult with your local Indigenous elders and make a decision that's right for your community."

Reconciliation Australia co-chair Tom Calma agrees that it needs to be discussed.

"I think that is is important that we start the conversation. And really talk about what the 26th of January really means to all Australians. What needs to be celebrated on that day."

But the prime minister Scott Morrison believes councils are just making excuses not to mark the national day.

"Australia Day, of all days, in a country that is the most successful migrant country on earth, should be a day that you should have the opportunity to be provided with your citizenship. If councils don't want to do that, if some councils as we've seen want to play games, well, you don't have to run citizenship ceremonies, other arrangements can be made. We're not going to cop people undermining Australia's national day. It's for all Australians. All Australians."

Yorta Yorta man Murray Austin says all Australians should come together on Australia Day.

"It's a past thing that happened. It's all been done. We all just come together. Accept us as a community and people can support, we can all support each other sort of thing, you know?"

Under the new rules, councils must hold a second citizenship ceremony on September 17th, Australian Citizenship Day.

A recommended dress standard will also be introduced, banning board shorts and thongs.

People have mixed feelings about it.

"I think it would kind of ruffle some feathers only because the whole suit and tie look is quite colonial in some peoples' eyes and especially, you know, we're celebrating other peoples' cultures at these citizenship ceremonies."

"I mean I think that's okay. I mean, we've got a dress code to go to the pub on a Friday. I think it shows a bit of respect."

National and cultural dress will still be welcome.

Report by Samantha Beniac-Brooks and Phillippa Carisbrooke

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